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Re: Bought a $3,000 luxury mattress today. Taking abuse.extremely online guy  05/27/18
Re: J. Ostapenko up to #4 in the world #tennisRafael Ironside, TEN TIME Roland Garros Champion  05/27/18
Re: Bought a $3,000 luxury mattress today. Taking abuse.;;::;;;::;;.;;,::;;;;;;  05/27/18
Re: Anyone still watch Westworld??Shohei Ohtani  05/27/18
Re: The prison system in the US is embarrassingerotic tumblr noumena  05/27/18
Re: ex-GF has taken to driving me mad with slutty insta photosboyfriend grade penis  05/27/18
Re: Anyone still watch Westworld??black pete  05/27/18
Re: Bought a $3,000 luxury mattress today. Taking abuse.XIV  05/27/18
Re: Basically everyone agrees that the West is fuckedunited states poast office  05/27/18
Re: Basically everyone agrees that the West is fuckedboomer crossing things off \'bucket list\'  05/27/18
Re: Wow exciting warriors cavaliers finalsunited states poast office  05/27/18
Re: Bought a $3,000 luxury mattress today. Taking abuse.;;::;;;::;;.;;,::;;;;;;  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)Maori woman performing defiant haka  05/27/18
Re: alright, i admit it, im a child molesterprince never spins  05/27/18
Re: WHITE PEOPLE literally make "sexism" a crime. Not flame.\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: WHITE PEOPLE literally make "sexism" a crime. Not flame.\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Wow exciting warriors cavaliers finals><<(^((*>  05/27/18
Re: Now imagine if Kyrie and Gordon Hayward were playing.;:..;:;.:.;.,,,.,.:,.;;,;;;..;,  05/27/18
Re: WHITE PEOPLE literally make "sexism" a crime. Not flame.\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Chile, 65% mestizo, more advanced wealthier safer than Argentina, 85% whiteLAPD officer on paid administrative leave  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)Get Thee to the TRUMPery  05/27/18
Re: WHITE PEOPLE literally make "sexism" a crime. Not flame.\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Traveling abroad reinforces just how fat and ugly Americans areunited states poast office  05/27/18
Re: WHITE PEOPLE literally make "sexism" a crime. Not flame.\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Basically everyone agrees that the West is fucked\"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: The prison system in the US is embarrassingslack  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?human resources  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?Morning In America  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?holohoax  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?the male gays  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)zurich is stained (but it\'s not my fault)  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?sharklaserz  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?stephen biko  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?scott stapp  05/27/18
Re: WHITE PEOPLE literally make "sexism" a crime. Not flame.\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?\"\'\'\'\"\'\'\'\"\"  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)CapTTTainFalcon  05/27/18
Re: Traveling abroad reinforces just how fat and ugly Americans arenyuug  05/27/18
Re: After "so u r saying" J Peterson interview, comes "let's not talk about it" onestephen biko  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?tony ravioli  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?\"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)Morning In America  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?boyfriend grade penis  05/27/18
Re: Now imagine if Kyrie and Gordon Hayward were playingWar Machine  05/27/18
Re: The prison system in the US is embarrassing\"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?united states poast office  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)Morning In America  05/27/18
Re: fuck, can't buy a bucketTRUMPdog Billionaire  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)I Know Why the Caged Turd Singhs  05/27/18
Re: Now imagine if Kyrie and Gordon Hayward were playingscholarshipalt23  05/27/18
Re: RIGGEDprince never spins  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)\"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: After "so u r saying" J Peterson interview, comes "let's not talk about it" one\"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go there\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)bowlcut autist  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)stephen biko  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?jonnyBlaze  05/27/18
Re: Now imagine if Kyrie and Gordon Hayward were playing.;:..;:;.:.;.,,,.,.:,.;;,;;;..;,  05/27/18
Re: I will edit a law firm's wiki article according to your instructions\'\"\'\'\'\'\"\'\'\"\"  05/27/18
Re: POLL: Have you had a HOT DOG yet this Memorial Day Weekend?stephen biko  05/27/18
Re: WHITE PEOPLE literally make "sexism" a crime. Not flame..,.,....,.,.,.,:,:,...,:::,....,:,.,.:...,:.::,.  05/27/18
Re: What's Columbus, Pittsburgh, Raleigh, Nashville, Boise like once libs invade?part of this kakistocracy  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)Metal Up Your Ass  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)Morning In America  05/27/18
Re: WHITE PEOPLE literally make "sexism" a crime. Not flame..,.,....,.,.,.,:,:,...,:::,....,:,.,.:...,:.::,.  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)Big Lenny  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go there\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: POLL: Have you had a HOT DOG yet this Memorial Day Weekend?Krampusnacht  05/27/18
Re: Wow exciting warriors cavaliers finalsTopher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: Kim Jong Un: no worries, how about next week? Hahablack pete  05/27/18
Re: Wow exciting warriors cavaliers finalsAutist looking you square in the eyes  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)Topher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: Wow exciting warriors cavaliers finalschandler  05/27/18
Re: *gasses baby goldstein's entire family*Adolf Fucking Hitler  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?Morning In America  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)nyuug  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go therestephen biko  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)black pete  05/27/18
Re: Found WLMAS's twitter account\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: POLL: Have you had a HOT DOG yet this Memorial Day Weekend?1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES  05/27/18
Re: fuck, can't buy a bucketAutist looking you square in the eyes  05/27/18
Re: NYUUG: stay out of threads by real human beings or I will ruin all your threads\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: fuck, can't buy a bucketkinetic card books  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go therenyuug  05/27/18
Re: Cops punch woman in head at NJ beach (video)bowlcut autist  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go there\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: fuck, can't buy a bucketboomer crossing things off \'bucket list\'  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re itBig Lenny  05/27/18
Re: BTS GAPING cumskin BILLBOARD CHARTS, why?nyuug  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?.,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)scholarshipalt23  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?Topher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)black pete  05/27/18
Re: fuck, can't buy a bucketMetal Up Your Ass  05/27/18
Re: DTP taking questions from the Underground (5/27/2018)Topher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re itBig Lenny  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)dha tux  05/27/18
Re: Rate this hot Rosenberg take on the degenerate Jewish menacebackspace  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)Topher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go therenyuug  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)nyuug  05/27/18
Re: whoever said NBA was WWF now was cr><<(^((*>  05/27/18
Re: If Kyrie was playing this game would be over alreadyAutist looking you square in the eyes  05/27/18
Re: Anybody here still a virgin?1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES  05/27/18
Re: has jonnyblaze tp ever found lib propaganda he didn't think was 180?stephen biko  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go thereAutist looking you square in the eyes  05/27/18
Re: If Kyrie was playing this game would be over already..,,,..,.,...:;,.:...,,,.;;,:......,,,.  05/27/18
Re: LOL Happiness the movie (1998) just disappeared, cannot be obtained anymoreblack pete  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go thereKrampusnacht  05/27/18
Re: Would you hang them from a crane? Would you toss them from a plane?- Dr Suess((( : {| ]  05/27/18
Re: Anybody here still a virgin?Gregor  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?Autist looking you square in the eyes  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go therenyuug  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?Insane right-wing gun nut  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?lawman8  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re it.,.,.,,,.,,.,.,.,,.,.,.,.,.,,.,.,.,.  05/27/18
Re: WHITE PEOPLE literally make "sexism" a crime. Not flame.nyuug  05/27/18
Re: Part of Norway is so dangerous now, you need a gun to go thereKrampusnacht  05/27/18
Re: Left or right (pic)\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"  05/27/18
Re: DTP taking questions from the Underground (5/27/2018)Deranged tinder pumo  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re itBig Lenny  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?Shohei Ohtani  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re itMorning In America  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffsThe URBAN MEYER 8-4 JUGGERNAUT  05/27/18
Re: Reminder: They'll NEVER be another CUMSKIN MALE POTUS, eat shit CUMSKINS juiceju((( : {| ]  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?Insane right-wing gun nut  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?Krampusnacht  05/27/18
Re: really miss that MAF gook megapoaster "korea" misspelling words in kooky waysInsane right-wing gun nut  05/27/18
Re: After "so u r saying" J Peterson interview, comes "let's not talk about it" one((( : {| ]  05/27/18
Re: What is xo's preferred type of VINEGAR? (Earl):D  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?biglaw associate asking if link is worksafe @ 11pm  05/27/18
Re: Think Trump has still retained close to 99% of his 2016 voters?barnabyjones  05/27/18
Re: "so without you, heatmaps of autistic shutins wouldn't be made?"Morning In America  05/27/18
Re: 36yo self proclaimed "cheese and wine expert" accidentally flushes live baby\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"  05/27/18
Re: really miss that MAF gook megapoaster "korea" misspelling words in kooky ways.,..,,,.,,,,,.,,.,,  05/27/18
Re: Golden Retriever Gives Birth To Litter At Tampa Airport (PICS)1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES  05/27/18
Re: Think Trump has still retained close to 99% of his 2016 voters?.,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.  05/27/18
Re: Krajicek: Djoker and "German" Can Beat Lance "Rafa" Nadal At RG #tennis1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES  05/27/18
Re: What's the point of cable boxes when we have smartTVs that could mimic functionastephen biko  05/27/18
Re: whoever said NBA was WWF now was cr\"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: whoever said NBA was WWF now was cr.;:..;:;.:.;.,,,.,.:,.;;,;;;..;,  05/27/18
Re: What's the point of cable boxes when we have smartTVs that could mimic functiona:D  05/27/18
Re: Golden Retriever Gives Birth To Litter At Tampa Airport (PICS)CapTTTainFalcon  05/27/18
Re: Rate this hot Rosenberg take on the degenerate Jewish menaceJews, report to the ovens immediately  05/27/18
Re: New summer resort opens in Dachau for Jews only (link)Jews, report to the ovens immediately  05/27/18
Re: A cloud of ash over Treblinka: 30 Jews of XO missingJews, report to the ovens immediately  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?http://i.imgur.com/GzDww8M.jpg  05/27/18
Re: What's the point of cable boxes when we have smartTVs that could mimic functiona\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"  05/27/18
Re: The Jew cries out as he strikes youJews, report to the ovens immediately  05/27/18
Re: Call the Jew a Jew and watch as his facade crumblesJews, report to the ovens immediately  05/27/18
Re: whoever said NBA was WWF now was crDon Kihote  05/27/18
Re: Golden Retriever Gives Birth To Litter At Tampa Airport (PICS)\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re itInsane right-wing gun nut  05/27/18
Re: Emotional Support Pig gives birth at Memphis airportGregor  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffsAutist looking you square in the eyes  05/27/18
Re: Why the fuck did humans evolve to grind their teeth?Topher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffs1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffsDon Kihote  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?Insane right-wing gun nut  05/27/18
Re: Why is Maryland always having floods?zurich is stained (but it\'s not my fault)  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffs1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES  05/27/18
Re: LJL at this fraud ball game.Autist looking you square in the eyes  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffs.,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.  05/27/18
Re: Golden Retriever Gives Birth To Litter At Tampa Airport (PICS)Tarana Burke\'s huge-ass nose  05/27/18
Re: LJL at this fraud ball game.scholarshipalt23  05/27/18
Re: Golden Retriever Gives Birth To Litter At Tampa Airport (PICS)dha tux  05/27/18
Re: Why is Maryland always having floods?http://i.imgur.com/GzDww8M.jpg  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re it..,....,,............,,..,..,.  05/27/18
Re: Why is Maryland always having floods?Krampusnacht  05/27/18
Re: Golden Retriever Gives Birth To Litter At Tampa Airport (PICS)Maori woman performing defiant haka  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re itstephen biko  05/27/18
Re: Is this spot on about infidelity or media propaganda?B O O M  05/27/18
Re: Why is Maryland always having floods?Krampusnacht  05/27/18
Re: What's the point of cable boxes when we have smartTVs that could mimic functiona:D  05/27/18
Re: Guy going to jail for 15 years for giving away free PC restore softwarestephen biko  05/27/18
Re: Why is Maryland always having floods?http://i.imgur.com/GzDww8M.jpg  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffs.,.,.;;,;.,..,:,,:,;.,:::,..;.,:,.,..:.,,.:.,:.::,  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re it..,....,,............,,..,..,.  05/27/18
Re: LJL at this fraud ball game.Metal Up Your Ass  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re it..,....,,............,,..,..,.  05/27/18
Re: Guy going to jail for 15 years for giving away free PC restore software1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES  05/27/18
Re: Guy going to jail for 15 years for giving away free PC restore softwareleo34  05/27/18
Re: Why is Maryland always having floods?,.,..,.,..,.,.,.,..,.,..,..,..,.,,..,.,,.  05/27/18
Re: Would u eat out Hillary's asshole and twat if it guaranteed a Trump victory?Insane right-wing gun nut  05/27/18
Re: Creating conflict between insurance defense attorneys and the adjusters\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Guy going to jail for 15 years for giving away free PC restore softwareMaori woman performing defiant haka  05/27/18
Re: Why the fuck did humans evolve to grind their teeth?zurich is stained (but it\'s not my fault)  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffs\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re itcrazy pills  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re it\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Chile, 65% mestizo, more advanced wealthier safer than Argentina, 85% white,.,...,..,.,.,:,..,.,.,:;,......;,..,;,:..:,::,.  05/27/18
Re: Guy going to jail for 15 years for giving away free PC restore softwarestephen biko  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re it..,....,,............,,..,..,.  05/27/18
Re: The World's Most Prestigious Personal Injury Lawsuit Discussion Board in the Worchandler  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re it..,....,,............,,..,..,.  05/27/18
Re: Creating conflict between insurance defense attorneys and the adjusterschandler  05/27/18
Re: Guy going to jail for 15 years for giving away free PC restore softwareBuck \"The Club\" Paulette  05/27/18
Re: Trump is a lock for POTUS, this debate is just the icing on the cake.Insane right-wing gun nut  05/27/18
Re: The third most populous city in America, Chicago, voted for Hillary.,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.  05/27/18
Re: Why the fuck did humans evolve to grind their teeth?stephen biko  05/27/18
Re: Friend of mine works in DC politics, says Trump is a lock to win the generalInsane right-wing gun nut  05/27/18
Re: Prominent philanthropist EVISCERATES DRUMPF, and his degrading, hateful wayscrazy pills  05/27/18
Re: REMINDER: Dem nominee starts off with 262 ev's locked inAutist looking you square in the eyes  05/27/18
Re: are there ANY non-shit pure SHIT poasters left?\'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"  05/27/18
Re: Total flame to think hillary will lose the dem nominationhttp://i.imgur.com/GzDww8M.jpg  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffs.;:..;:;.:.;.,,,.,.:,.;;,;;;..;,  05/27/18
Re: brown xo'er assuring you US can ABSORB tens of millions of third-world immigrantleolenin  05/27/18
Re: Golden Retriever Gives Birth To Litter At Tampa Airport (PICS)Krampusnacht  05/27/18
Re: Prominent philanthropist EVISCERATES DRUMPF, and his degrading, hateful waysTopher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: Guy going to jail for 15 years for giving away free PC restore softwareMorning In America  05/27/18
Re: Golden Retriever Gives Birth To Litter At Tampa Airport (PICS)1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES  05/27/18
Re: Think Trump has still retained close to 99% of his 2016 voters?Topher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: are there ANY non-shit pure SHIT poasters left?.,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.  05/27/18
Re: Hawaii judge rules all "private spaces" are now publicDon Kihote  05/27/18
Re: Think Trump has still retained close to 99% of his 2016 voters?Topher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re itjonnyBlaze  05/27/18
Re: Let me be VERY clear: Ted Cruz might not get 200 EVs, GOP loses Senate.Insane right-wing gun nut  05/27/18
Re: REMINDER: Dem nominee starts off with 262 ev's locked in><<(^((*>  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re itstephen biko  05/27/18
Re: ex-GF has taken to driving me mad with slutty insta photosTRUMPdog Billionaire  05/27/18
Re: Why do they still call him 6ix 9ine? They should call him hitboy. (link)Nothing Was the Same  05/27/18
Re: Prominent philanthropist EVISCERATES DRUMPF, and his degrading, hateful waysBuck \"The Club\" Paulette  05/27/18
Re: ex-GF has taken to driving me mad with slutty insta photosMorning In America  05/27/18
Re: Guy going to jail for 15 years for giving away free PC restore softwareleo34  05/27/18
Re: are there ANY non-shit pure SHIT poasters left?.,.,.:.,..,:,.,.:.,.,:,..:.,:,..:.,.,:.:...:,  05/27/18
Re: Prominent philanthropist EVISCERATES DRUMPF, and his degrading, hateful waysBuck \"The Club\" Paulette  05/27/18
Re: are there ANY non-shit pure SHIT poasters left?.,.,.:.,..,:,.,.:.,.,:,..:.,:,..:.,.,:.:...:,  05/27/18
Re: ex-GF has taken to driving me mad with slutty insta photosstephen biko  05/27/18
Re: is overwatch good? fortnite is fucking boringMorning In America  05/27/18
Re: Anti immigration protestors jailed in UK, judge orders MEDIA BLACKOUT re it..,....,,............,,..,..,.  05/27/18
Re: Can't believe you fags aren't watching the playoffsUgly fat white trash w/beautiful mulatto children  05/27/18
Re: *drinks beer* *never exercises* *eats pizza* *porn 24/7* "Weed is terrible"Topher Mercer  05/27/18
Re: ex-GF has taken to driving me mad with slutty insta photos><<(^((*>  05/27/18
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

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^ Kim, Jongcheol (2012). "Constitutional Law". Introduction to Korean Law. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 78. ISBN 3642316891.
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^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
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^ Riddhiman Mukhopadhyay (July 20, 2017). "Rapper T.O.P sentenced at final trial: Apologizes to fans for his actions". International Business Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
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^ "&#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51116;&#48373;&#47924;&#49900;&#49324;&#50640;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#44208;&#47200;… &#51032;&#44221;&#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448;" [Big Bang tower is inadequate in re-examination ... Deprivation of state]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P to lose police post after drug conviction". Yonhap News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "&#53457;, &#51032;&#44221; &#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448; '&#51116;&#48373;&#47924; &#49900;&#49324;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#54032;&#51221;'" [Top, disqualification of state of rehabilitation]. Starin E-Daily (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
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^ Lee Young-jae (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#55137;&#50672;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51032;&#44221;&#50640;&#49436; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924; &#50836;&#50896; &#46096;&#45796;". Korea JoongAng Daily (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Ji-heon (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#50724;&#45720; &#51032;&#44221; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#44540;&#47924;". Yonhap News Agency (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Hae Kyung Heon (August 28, 2017). "&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#51665;&#50976;&#54032;&#44208; &#53457; &#44208;&#44397; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196;, &#45572;&#47532;&#44988; &#48152;&#51025; '&#45257;&#47021;'". Sports Khan (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

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^ a b Lee, Namhee (2007). The Making of Minjung: Democracy and the Politics of Representation in South Korea. Cornell University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0801445663.
^ "S. Korea to expand women's role in military". Yonhap News Agency. 2017-12-20. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
^ "Constitution of the Republic of Korea" (PDF). 1987. p. 12. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
^ Kim, Jongcheol (2012). "Constitutional Law". Introduction to Korean Law. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 78. ISBN 3642316891.
^ a b "Military Service Act, Article 8". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ "History". Military Manpower Administration. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ "Military Service Act, Article 5". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ "Military Service Act, Articles 10-14". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ Lent, Jesse (2016-04-01). "'Descendants Of The Sun' Star Song Joong Ki Discusses His Time In The South Korean Army". Korea Portal. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Military Service Act, Article 18". Korea Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Military Service Act, Articles 26-43". Korea Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Conscription 'Should Be Phased Out Slowly'". Chosun Ilbo. 2010-07-06. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ Kim, Christine (2010-12-22). "Plan to cut compulsory military service scrapped". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "&#51228;68&#51312;&#51032;11(&#50696;&#49696;&#12685;&#52404;&#50977;&#50836;&#50896;&#51032; &#52628;&#52380; &#46321;) [Article 68-11: Recommendation of arts and sports personnel, etc.]". &#48337;&#50669;&#48277; &#49884;&#54665;&#47161; [Military Service Act Implementation Rules]. South Korea: Ministry of Government Legislation. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018. &#48277; &#51228;33&#51312;&#51032;7&#51228;1&#54637; &#51204;&#45800;&#50640;&#49436; "&#45824;&#53685;&#47161;&#47161;&#51004;&#47196; &#51221;&#54616;&#45716; &#50696;&#49696;·&#52404;&#50977; &#48516;&#50556;&#51032; &#53945;&#44592;&#47484; &#44032;&#51652; &#49324;&#46988;"&#51060;&#46976; &#45796;&#51020; &#44033; &#54840;&#51032; &#50612;&#45712; &#54616;&#45208;&#50640; &#54644;&#45817;&#54616;&#45716; &#49324;&#46988;&#51012; &#47568;&#54620;&#45796;. ... 4. &#50732;&#47548;&#54589;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 3&#50948; &#51060;&#49345;&#51004;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;) 5. &#50500;&#49884;&#50500;&#44221;&#44592;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 1&#50948;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;). [In Article 33, Paragraph 7, Subparagraph 2 of the Act, 'a person having special talents in arts and athletics fields, as defined by presidential order' refers to persons to whom are applicable any one of the provisions of the following subparagraphs. ... 4. A person who received a prize for ranked third or above at the Olympics (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated). 5. A person who received a prize for ranking first at the Asian Games (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated).]
^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
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^ "Medal instead of military service". The Hankyoreh. 11 August 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
^ "&#46308;&#52041;&#45216;&#52041; &#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;&#44592;&#51456; '&#54805;&#54217;&#49457;' &#45436;&#46976;…&#48337;&#47924;&#52397; '&#45572;&#51201;&#51216;&#49688;&#51228;' &#52628;&#51652;" (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. September 30, 2016.
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^ "Star Swimmer Says Army Boot Camp Helped Him Grow". Chosun Ilbo. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
^ "Hyeon Chung Participates In Korean Military Training - ATP World Tour - Tennis - ATP World Tour - Tennis".
^ &#44277;&#47924;&#50896;&#48372;&#49688;&#44508;&#51221; '&#48324;&#54364; 13' &#44400;&#51064;&#51032; &#48393;&#44553;&#54364;(&#51228;5&#51312; &#48143; &#48324;&#54364; 1 &#44288;&#47144;) . Korea Ministry of Government Legislation (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2015.
^ &#51312;, &#44592;&#54840; (18 July 2012). "&#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#54620; &#53028;&#47112; &#47803; &#51452;&#45716; &#44400;(&#36557;)!". Seoul Broadcasting System. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
^ "[&#48372;&#46020;&#51088;&#47308;] &#50696;&#49328; &#50630;&#45796;&#45912; &#44397;&#48169;&#48512;, &#49324;&#44288;&#49373;&#46020;&#50640;&#44172;&#45716; &#44256;&#44032; &#50808;&#44397;&#48652;&#47004;&#46300; &#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#51648;&#44553;". Retrieved 4 August 2012.[dead link]
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^ Seo, Ji-eun "Steve Yoo isn’t coming back to Korea" Archived 6 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Joongang Daily. 20 October 2011. retrieved 2011-11-08
^ (in Korean) "&#52572;&#51648;&#50864;, '&#49849;&#54732;&#51060;&#50640;&#44172; &#47568; &#44152;&#50612;&#48380;&#44620;?"[permanent dead link] SSTV. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-06
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^ (in Korean) "Song Seung-heon discharged from the army"Yahoo News Korea, 2006-11-18. Archived 14 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
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^ "KBS, MBC release list of 36 banned entertainers" Dong-A Ilbo. 28 September 2011. 2011-10-14
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^ "High-Paid Actor Exempted from Draft for Poverty". The Chosun Ilbo. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
^ Moon, Gwang-lip (25 June 2012). "Agent says Kim Moo-yul's family situation was 'nearly impossible'". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 11 August 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (10 July 2012). "Kim Moo-yul kicked off movie set". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (11 July 2012). "Choi Daniel to replace Kim Moo-yul". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Lee, Hye-ji (5 October 2012). "Kim Moo-yeol to Enter Army, Cleaning out Exemption Rumors". 10Asia. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (11 October 2011). "Kim Moo-yul enlists after rumors". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P confirms military enlistment date". Yibada. November 22, 2016.
^ "The Full Story Behind T.O.P's Drug Scandal, And The Mysterious Trainee Woman". June 2, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Jun, R. "BIGBANG's T.O.P To Be Dismissed From Duty For Duration of Prosecution". Soompi. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
^ "Medical expert comments on T.O.P's benzodiazepine overdose | allkpop.com". allkpop. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P hospitalized for drug overdose". YonhapNews. June 6, 2017. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
^ "K-pop superstar T.O.P. in intensive care after overdose". BBC. June 8, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
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^ "Big Bang's T.O.P pleads guilty to pot charges". The Jakarta Post. June 30, 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
^ Park Hyeong-taek (June 29, 2017). "[SC&#54788;&#51109;] &#53457;, &#45824;&#47560;&#52488; 4&#54924; &#55137;&#50672; &#49884;&#51064;…"&#44277;&#49548;&#49324;&#49892; &#47784;&#46160; &#51064;&#51221;"" [[SC scene] Top, smoking four po ... "All the facts of the charges"]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). Retrieved July 19, 2017.
^ Riddhiman Mukhopadhyay (July 20, 2017). "Rapper T.O.P sentenced at final trial: Apologizes to fans for his actions". International Business Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
^ "(LEAD) BIGBANG's T.O.P. gets suspended sentence for marijuana use". Yonhap News Agency. July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
^ "&#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51116;&#48373;&#47924;&#49900;&#49324;&#50640;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#44208;&#47200;… &#51032;&#44221;&#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448;" [Big Bang tower is inadequate in re-examination ... Deprivation of state]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P to lose police post after drug conviction". Yonhap News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "&#53457;, &#51032;&#44221; &#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448; '&#51116;&#48373;&#47924; &#49900;&#49324;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#54032;&#51221;'" [Top, disqualification of state of rehabilitation]. Starin E-Daily (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BigBang rapper T.O.P cannot continue serving military duty as a policeman". Starits Times. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ Lee Young-jae (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#55137;&#50672;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51032;&#44221;&#50640;&#49436; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924; &#50836;&#50896; &#46096;&#45796;". Korea JoongAng Daily (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Ji-heon (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#50724;&#45720; &#51032;&#44221; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#44540;&#47924;". Yonhap News Agency (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Hae Kyung Heon (August 28, 2017). "&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#51665;&#50976;&#54032;&#44208; &#53457; &#44208;&#44397; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196;, &#45572;&#47532;&#44988; &#48152;&#51025; '&#45257;&#47021;'". Sports Khan (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

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^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
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^ "&#46308;&#52041;&#45216;&#52041; &#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;&#44592;&#51456; '&#54805;&#54217;&#49457;' &#45436;&#46976;…&#48337;&#47924;&#52397; '&#45572;&#51201;&#51216;&#49688;&#51228;' &#52628;&#51652;" (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. September 30, 2016.
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^ &#44277;&#47924;&#50896;&#48372;&#49688;&#44508;&#51221; '&#48324;&#54364; 13' &#44400;&#51064;&#51032; &#48393;&#44553;&#54364;(&#51228;5&#51312; &#48143; &#48324;&#54364; 1 &#44288;&#47144;) . Korea Ministry of Government Legislation (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2015.
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^ "[&#48372;&#46020;&#51088;&#47308;] &#50696;&#49328; &#50630;&#45796;&#45912; &#44397;&#48169;&#48512;, &#49324;&#44288;&#49373;&#46020;&#50640;&#44172;&#45716; &#44256;&#44032; &#50808;&#44397;&#48652;&#47004;&#46300; &#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#51648;&#44553;". Retrieved 4 August 2012.[dead link]
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^ (in Korean) "&#52572;&#51648;&#50864;, '&#49849;&#54732;&#51060;&#50640;&#44172; &#47568; &#44152;&#50612;&#48380;&#44620;?"[permanent dead link] SSTV. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-06
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^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Hae Kyung Heon (August 28, 2017). "&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#51665;&#50976;&#54032;&#44208; &#53457; &#44208;&#44397; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196;, &#45572;&#47532;&#44988; &#48152;&#51025; '&#45257;&#47021;'". Sports Khan (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

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^ Lent, Jesse (2016-04-01). "'Descendants Of The Sun' Star Song Joong Ki Discusses His Time In The South Korean Army". Korea Portal. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
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^ Kim, Christine (2010-12-22). "Plan to cut compulsory military service scrapped". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "&#51228;68&#51312;&#51032;11(&#50696;&#49696;&#12685;&#52404;&#50977;&#50836;&#50896;&#51032; &#52628;&#52380; &#46321;) [Article 68-11: Recommendation of arts and sports personnel, etc.]". &#48337;&#50669;&#48277; &#49884;&#54665;&#47161; [Military Service Act Implementation Rules]. South Korea: Ministry of Government Legislation. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018. &#48277; &#51228;33&#51312;&#51032;7&#51228;1&#54637; &#51204;&#45800;&#50640;&#49436; "&#45824;&#53685;&#47161;&#47161;&#51004;&#47196; &#51221;&#54616;&#45716; &#50696;&#49696;·&#52404;&#50977; &#48516;&#50556;&#51032; &#53945;&#44592;&#47484; &#44032;&#51652; &#49324;&#46988;"&#51060;&#46976; &#45796;&#51020; &#44033; &#54840;&#51032; &#50612;&#45712; &#54616;&#45208;&#50640; &#54644;&#45817;&#54616;&#45716; &#49324;&#46988;&#51012; &#47568;&#54620;&#45796;. ... 4. &#50732;&#47548;&#54589;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 3&#50948; &#51060;&#49345;&#51004;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;) 5. &#50500;&#49884;&#50500;&#44221;&#44592;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 1&#50948;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;). [In Article 33, Paragraph 7, Subparagraph 2 of the Act, 'a person having special talents in arts and athletics fields, as defined by presidential order' refers to persons to whom are applicable any one of the provisions of the following subparagraphs. ... 4. A person who received a prize for ranked third or above at the Olympics (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated). 5. A person who received a prize for ranking first at the Asian Games (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated).]
^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
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^ "&#46308;&#52041;&#45216;&#52041; &#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;&#44592;&#51456; '&#54805;&#54217;&#49457;' &#45436;&#46976;…&#48337;&#47924;&#52397; '&#45572;&#51201;&#51216;&#49688;&#51228;' &#52628;&#51652;" (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. September 30, 2016.
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^ "Star Swimmer Says Army Boot Camp Helped Him Grow". Chosun Ilbo. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
^ "Hyeon Chung Participates In Korean Military Training - ATP World Tour - Tennis - ATP World Tour - Tennis".
^ &#44277;&#47924;&#50896;&#48372;&#49688;&#44508;&#51221; '&#48324;&#54364; 13' &#44400;&#51064;&#51032; &#48393;&#44553;&#54364;(&#51228;5&#51312; &#48143; &#48324;&#54364; 1 &#44288;&#47144;) . Korea Ministry of Government Legislation (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2015.
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^ Seo, Ji-eun "Steve Yoo isn’t coming back to Korea" Archived 6 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Joongang Daily. 20 October 2011. retrieved 2011-11-08
^ (in Korean) "&#52572;&#51648;&#50864;, '&#49849;&#54732;&#51060;&#50640;&#44172; &#47568; &#44152;&#50612;&#48380;&#44620;?"[permanent dead link] SSTV. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-06
^ "Song Seung-heon, Jang Hyeok Discharged from Military" HanCinema. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14
^ (in Korean) "Song Seung-heon discharged from the army"Yahoo News Korea, 2006-11-18. Archived 14 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Rapper Gets Suspended Jail Term for Draft Dodging" Chosun Ilbo. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14
^ "KBS, MBC release list of 36 banned entertainers" Dong-A Ilbo. 28 September 2011. 2011-10-14
^ Sunwoo, Carla (22 June 2012). "Actor Kim Moo-yul was poor enough to dodge military service". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Lee, In-kyung (21 June 2012). "Kim Moo Yul Involved in Military Scandal after Avoiding Duties". enewsWorld. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
^ "High-Paid Actor Exempted from Draft for Poverty". The Chosun Ilbo. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
^ Moon, Gwang-lip (25 June 2012). "Agent says Kim Moo-yul's family situation was 'nearly impossible'". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 11 August 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (10 July 2012). "Kim Moo-yul kicked off movie set". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (11 July 2012). "Choi Daniel to replace Kim Moo-yul". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Lee, Hye-ji (5 October 2012). "Kim Moo-yeol to Enter Army, Cleaning out Exemption Rumors". 10Asia. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (11 October 2011). "Kim Moo-yul enlists after rumors". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P confirms military enlistment date". Yibada. November 22, 2016.
^ "The Full Story Behind T.O.P's Drug Scandal, And The Mysterious Trainee Woman". June 2, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Jun, R. "BIGBANG's T.O.P To Be Dismissed From Duty For Duration of Prosecution". Soompi. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
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^ "K-pop superstar T.O.P. in intensive care after overdose". BBC. June 8, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
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^ "Big Bang's T.O.P pleads guilty to pot charges". The Jakarta Post. June 30, 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
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^ Riddhiman Mukhopadhyay (July 20, 2017). "Rapper T.O.P sentenced at final trial: Apologizes to fans for his actions". International Business Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
^ "(LEAD) BIGBANG's T.O.P. gets suspended sentence for marijuana use". Yonhap News Agency. July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
^ "&#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51116;&#48373;&#47924;&#49900;&#49324;&#50640;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#44208;&#47200;… &#51032;&#44221;&#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448;" [Big Bang tower is inadequate in re-examination ... Deprivation of state]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P to lose police post after drug conviction". Yonhap News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "&#53457;, &#51032;&#44221; &#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448; '&#51116;&#48373;&#47924; &#49900;&#49324;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#54032;&#51221;'" [Top, disqualification of state of rehabilitation]. Starin E-Daily (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BigBang rapper T.O.P cannot continue serving military duty as a policeman". Starits Times. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
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^ Kim Ji-heon (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#50724;&#45720; &#51032;&#44221; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#44540;&#47924;". Yonhap News Agency (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Hae Kyung Heon (August 28, 2017). "&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#51665;&#50976;&#54032;&#44208; &#53457; &#44208;&#44397; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196;, &#45572;&#47532;&#44988; &#48152;&#51025; '&#45257;&#47021;'". Sports Khan (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

^ "&#48337;&#50669;&#51060;&#54665;&#50504;&#45236; - &#44060;&#50836;(&#52509;&#44292;)" [Military Service Implementation Guide - General Overview]. Military Manpower Organization (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-12-28.
^ a b Lee, Namhee (2007). The Making of Minjung: Democracy and the Politics of Representation in South Korea. Cornell University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0801445663.
^ "S. Korea to expand women's role in military". Yonhap News Agency. 2017-12-20. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
^ "Constitution of the Republic of Korea" (PDF). 1987. p. 12. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
^ Kim, Jongcheol (2012). "Constitutional Law". Introduction to Korean Law. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 78. ISBN 3642316891.
^ a b "Military Service Act, Article 8". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ "History". Military Manpower Administration. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ "Military Service Act, Article 5". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ "Military Service Act, Articles 10-14". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ Lent, Jesse (2016-04-01). "'Descendants Of The Sun' Star Song Joong Ki Discusses His Time In The South Korean Army". Korea Portal. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Military Service Act, Article 18". Korea Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Military Service Act, Articles 26-43". Korea Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Conscription 'Should Be Phased Out Slowly'". Chosun Ilbo. 2010-07-06. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ Kim, Christine (2010-12-22). "Plan to cut compulsory military service scrapped". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "&#51228;68&#51312;&#51032;11(&#50696;&#49696;&#12685;&#52404;&#50977;&#50836;&#50896;&#51032; &#52628;&#52380; &#46321;) [Article 68-11: Recommendation of arts and sports personnel, etc.]". &#48337;&#50669;&#48277; &#49884;&#54665;&#47161; [Military Service Act Implementation Rules]. South Korea: Ministry of Government Legislation. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018. &#48277; &#51228;33&#51312;&#51032;7&#51228;1&#54637; &#51204;&#45800;&#50640;&#49436; "&#45824;&#53685;&#47161;&#47161;&#51004;&#47196; &#51221;&#54616;&#45716; &#50696;&#49696;·&#52404;&#50977; &#48516;&#50556;&#51032; &#53945;&#44592;&#47484; &#44032;&#51652; &#49324;&#46988;"&#51060;&#46976; &#45796;&#51020; &#44033; &#54840;&#51032; &#50612;&#45712; &#54616;&#45208;&#50640; &#54644;&#45817;&#54616;&#45716; &#49324;&#46988;&#51012; &#47568;&#54620;&#45796;. ... 4. &#50732;&#47548;&#54589;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 3&#50948; &#51060;&#49345;&#51004;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;) 5. &#50500;&#49884;&#50500;&#44221;&#44592;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 1&#50948;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;). [In Article 33, Paragraph 7, Subparagraph 2 of the Act, 'a person having special talents in arts and athletics fields, as defined by presidential order' refers to persons to whom are applicable any one of the provisions of the following subparagraphs. ... 4. A person who received a prize for ranked third or above at the Olympics (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated). 5. A person who received a prize for ranking first at the Asian Games (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated).]
^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
^ "Footballer to Be Spared Military Service Despite IOC Probe". Chosun Ilbo. 14 August 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
^ "Medal instead of military service". The Hankyoreh. 11 August 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
^ "&#46308;&#52041;&#45216;&#52041; &#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;&#44592;&#51456; '&#54805;&#54217;&#49457;' &#45436;&#46976;…&#48337;&#47924;&#52397; '&#45572;&#51201;&#51216;&#49688;&#51228;' &#52628;&#51652;" (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. September 30, 2016.
^ "Park Tae-hwan Enters Army Boot Camp". Chosun Ilbo. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ "Star Swimmer Says Army Boot Camp Helped Him Grow". Chosun Ilbo. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
^ "Hyeon Chung Participates In Korean Military Training - ATP World Tour - Tennis - ATP World Tour - Tennis".
^ &#44277;&#47924;&#50896;&#48372;&#49688;&#44508;&#51221; '&#48324;&#54364; 13' &#44400;&#51064;&#51032; &#48393;&#44553;&#54364;(&#51228;5&#51312; &#48143; &#48324;&#54364; 1 &#44288;&#47144;) . Korea Ministry of Government Legislation (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2015.
^ &#51312;, &#44592;&#54840; (18 July 2012). "&#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#54620; &#53028;&#47112; &#47803; &#51452;&#45716; &#44400;(&#36557;)!". Seoul Broadcasting System. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
^ "[&#48372;&#46020;&#51088;&#47308;] &#50696;&#49328; &#50630;&#45796;&#45912; &#44397;&#48169;&#48512;, &#49324;&#44288;&#49373;&#46020;&#50640;&#44172;&#45716; &#44256;&#44032; &#50808;&#44397;&#48652;&#47004;&#46300; &#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#51648;&#44553;". Retrieved 4 August 2012.[dead link]
^ "FAQs-Dual Citizens | U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Korea". U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Korea. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
^ "South Korean singer Rain reports for military service". BBC News. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
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^ Seo, Ji-eun "Steve Yoo isn’t coming back to Korea" Archived 6 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Joongang Daily. 20 October 2011. retrieved 2011-11-08
^ (in Korean) "&#52572;&#51648;&#50864;, '&#49849;&#54732;&#51060;&#50640;&#44172; &#47568; &#44152;&#50612;&#48380;&#44620;?"[permanent dead link] SSTV. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-06
^ "Song Seung-heon, Jang Hyeok Discharged from Military" HanCinema. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14
^ (in Korean) "Song Seung-heon discharged from the army"Yahoo News Korea, 2006-11-18. Archived 14 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Rapper Gets Suspended Jail Term for Draft Dodging" Chosun Ilbo. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14
^ "KBS, MBC release list of 36 banned entertainers" Dong-A Ilbo. 28 September 2011. 2011-10-14
^ Sunwoo, Carla (22 June 2012). "Actor Kim Moo-yul was poor enough to dodge military service". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Lee, In-kyung (21 June 2012). "Kim Moo Yul Involved in Military Scandal after Avoiding Duties". enewsWorld. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
^ "High-Paid Actor Exempted from Draft for Poverty". The Chosun Ilbo. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
^ Moon, Gwang-lip (25 June 2012). "Agent says Kim Moo-yul's family situation was 'nearly impossible'". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 11 August 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (10 July 2012). "Kim Moo-yul kicked off movie set". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (11 July 2012). "Choi Daniel to replace Kim Moo-yul". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ Lee, Hye-ji (5 October 2012). "Kim Moo-yeol to Enter Army, Cleaning out Exemption Rumors". 10Asia. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (11 October 2011). "Kim Moo-yul enlists after rumors". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P confirms military enlistment date". Yibada. November 22, 2016.
^ "The Full Story Behind T.O.P's Drug Scandal, And The Mysterious Trainee Woman". June 2, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
^ Jun, R. "BIGBANG's T.O.P To Be Dismissed From Duty For Duration of Prosecution". Soompi. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
^ "Medical expert comments on T.O.P's benzodiazepine overdose | allkpop.com". allkpop. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
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^ "K-pop superstar T.O.P. in intensive care after overdose". BBC. June 8, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
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^ "Big Bang's T.O.P pleads guilty to pot charges". The Jakarta Post. June 30, 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
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^ Riddhiman Mukhopadhyay (July 20, 2017). "Rapper T.O.P sentenced at final trial: Apologizes to fans for his actions". International Business Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
^ "(LEAD) BIGBANG's T.O.P. gets suspended sentence for marijuana use". Yonhap News Agency. July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
^ "&#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51116;&#48373;&#47924;&#49900;&#49324;&#50640;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#44208;&#47200;… &#51032;&#44221;&#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448;" [Big Bang tower is inadequate in re-examination ... Deprivation of state]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P to lose police post after drug conviction". Yonhap News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "&#53457;, &#51032;&#44221; &#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448; '&#51116;&#48373;&#47924; &#49900;&#49324;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#54032;&#51221;'" [Top, disqualification of state of rehabilitation]. Starin E-Daily (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BigBang rapper T.O.P cannot continue serving military duty as a policeman". Starits Times. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ Lee Young-jae (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#55137;&#50672;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51032;&#44221;&#50640;&#49436; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924; &#50836;&#50896; &#46096;&#45796;". Korea JoongAng Daily (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Ji-heon (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#50724;&#45720; &#51032;&#44221; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#44540;&#47924;". Yonhap News Agency (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Hae Kyung Heon (August 28, 2017). "&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#51665;&#50976;&#54032;&#44208; &#53457; &#44208;&#44397; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196;, &#45572;&#47532;&#44988; &#48152;&#51025; '&#45257;&#47021;'". Sports Khan (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

^ "&#48337;&#50669;&#51060;&#54665;&#50504;&#45236; - &#44060;&#50836;(&#52509;&#44292;)" [Military Service Implementation Guide - General Overview]. Military Manpower Organization (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-12-28.
^ a b Lee, Namhee (2007). The Making of Minjung: Democracy and the Politics of Representation in South Korea. Cornell University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0801445663.
^ "S. Korea to expand women's role in military". Yonhap News Agency. 2017-12-20. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
^ "Constitution of the Republic of Korea" (PDF). 1987. p. 12. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
^ Kim, Jongcheol (2012). "Constitutional Law". Introduction to Korean Law. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 78. ISBN 3642316891.
^ a b "Military Service Act, Article 8". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ "History". Military Manpower Administration. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ "Military Service Act, Article 5". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ "Military Service Act, Articles 10-14". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ Lent, Jesse (2016-04-01). "'Descendants Of The Sun' Star Song Joong Ki Discusses His Time In The South Korean Army". Korea Portal. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Military Service Act, Article 18". Korea Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Military Service Act, Articles 26-43". Korea Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Conscription 'Should Be Phased Out Slowly'". Chosun Ilbo. 2010-07-06. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ Kim, Christine (2010-12-22). "Plan to cut compulsory military service scrapped". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "&#51228;68&#51312;&#51032;11(&#50696;&#49696;&#12685;&#52404;&#50977;&#50836;&#50896;&#51032; &#52628;&#52380; &#46321;) [Article 68-11: Recommendation of arts and sports personnel, etc.]". &#48337;&#50669;&#48277; &#49884;&#54665;&#47161; [Military Service Act Implementation Rules]. South Korea: Ministry of Government Legislation. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018. &#48277; &#51228;33&#51312;&#51032;7&#51228;1&#54637; &#51204;&#45800;&#50640;&#49436; "&#45824;&#53685;&#47161;&#47161;&#51004;&#47196; &#51221;&#54616;&#45716; &#50696;&#49696;·&#52404;&#50977; &#48516;&#50556;&#51032; &#53945;&#44592;&#47484; &#44032;&#51652; &#49324;&#46988;"&#51060;&#46976; &#45796;&#51020; &#44033; &#54840;&#51032; &#50612;&#45712; &#54616;&#45208;&#50640; &#54644;&#45817;&#54616;&#45716; &#49324;&#46988;&#51012; &#47568;&#54620;&#45796;. ... 4. &#50732;&#47548;&#54589;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 3&#50948; &#51060;&#49345;&#51004;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;) 5. &#50500;&#49884;&#50500;&#44221;&#44592;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 1&#50948;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;). [In Article 33, Paragraph 7, Subparagraph 2 of the Act, 'a person having special talents in arts and athletics fields, as defined by presidential order' refers to persons to whom are applicable any one of the provisions of the following subparagraphs. ... 4. A person who received a prize for ranked third or above at the Olympics (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated). 5. A person who received a prize for ranking first at the Asian Games (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated).]
^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
^ "Footballer to Be Spared Military Service Despite IOC Probe". Chosun Ilbo. 14 August 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
^ "Medal instead of military service". The Hankyoreh. 11 August 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
^ "&#46308;&#52041;&#45216;&#52041; &#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;&#44592;&#51456; '&#54805;&#54217;&#49457;' &#45436;&#46976;…&#48337;&#47924;&#52397; '&#45572;&#51201;&#51216;&#49688;&#51228;' &#52628;&#51652;" (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. September 30, 2016.
^ "Park Tae-hwan Enters Army Boot Camp". Chosun Ilbo. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
^ "Star Swimmer Says Army Boot Camp Helped Him Grow". Chosun Ilbo. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
^ "Hyeon Chung Participates In Korean Military Training - ATP World Tour - Tennis - ATP World Tour - Tennis".
^ &#44277;&#47924;&#50896;&#48372;&#49688;&#44508;&#51221; '&#48324;&#54364; 13' &#44400;&#51064;&#51032; &#48393;&#44553;&#54364;(&#51228;5&#51312; &#48143; &#48324;&#54364; 1 &#44288;&#47144;) . Korea Ministry of Government Legislation (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2015.
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^ "FAQs-Dual Citizens | U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Korea". U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Korea. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
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^ Seo, Ji-eun "Steve Yoo isn’t coming back to Korea" Archived 6 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Joongang Daily. 20 October 2011. retrieved 2011-11-08
^ (in Korean) "&#52572;&#51648;&#50864;, '&#49849;&#54732;&#51060;&#50640;&#44172; &#47568; &#44152;&#50612;&#48380;&#44620;?"[permanent dead link] SSTV. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-06
^ "Song Seung-heon, Jang Hyeok Discharged from Military" HanCinema. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14
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^ "High-Paid Actor Exempted from Draft for Poverty". The Chosun Ilbo. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

^ "&#48337;&#50669;&#51060;&#54665;&#50504;&#45236; - &#44060;&#50836;(&#52509;&#44292;)" [Military Service Implementation Guide - General Overview]. Military Manpower Organization (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-12-28.
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^ Kim, Jongcheol (2012). "Constitutional Law". Introduction to Korean Law. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 78. ISBN 3642316891.
^ a b "Military Service Act, Article 8". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
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^ Lent, Jesse (2016-04-01). "'Descendants Of The Sun' Star Song Joong Ki Discusses His Time In The South Korean Army". Korea Portal. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Military Service Act, Article 18". Korea Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Military Service Act, Articles 26-43". Korea Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "Conscription 'Should Be Phased Out Slowly'". Chosun Ilbo. 2010-07-06. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ Kim, Christine (2010-12-22). "Plan to cut compulsory military service scrapped". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "&#51228;68&#51312;&#51032;11(&#50696;&#49696;&#12685;&#52404;&#50977;&#50836;&#50896;&#51032; &#52628;&#52380; &#46321;) [Article 68-11: Recommendation of arts and sports personnel, etc.]". &#48337;&#50669;&#48277; &#49884;&#54665;&#47161; [Military Service Act Implementation Rules]. South Korea: Ministry of Government Legislation. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018. &#48277; &#51228;33&#51312;&#51032;7&#51228;1&#54637; &#51204;&#45800;&#50640;&#49436; "&#45824;&#53685;&#47161;&#47161;&#51004;&#47196; &#51221;&#54616;&#45716; &#50696;&#49696;·&#52404;&#50977; &#48516;&#50556;&#51032; &#53945;&#44592;&#47484; &#44032;&#51652; &#49324;&#46988;"&#51060;&#46976; &#45796;&#51020; &#44033; &#54840;&#51032; &#50612;&#45712; &#54616;&#45208;&#50640; &#54644;&#45817;&#54616;&#45716; &#49324;&#46988;&#51012; &#47568;&#54620;&#45796;. ... 4. &#50732;&#47548;&#54589;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 3&#50948; &#51060;&#49345;&#51004;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;) 5. &#50500;&#49884;&#50500;&#44221;&#44592;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 1&#50948;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;). [In Article 33, Paragraph 7, Subparagraph 2 of the Act, 'a person having special talents in arts and athletics fields, as defined by presidential order' refers to persons to whom are applicable any one of the provisions of the following subparagraphs. ... 4. A person who received a prize for ranked third or above at the Olympics (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated). 5. A person who received a prize for ranking first at the Asian Games (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated).]
^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
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^ &#44277;&#47924;&#50896;&#48372;&#49688;&#44508;&#51221; '&#48324;&#54364; 13' &#44400;&#51064;&#51032; &#48393;&#44553;&#54364;(&#51228;5&#51312; &#48143; &#48324;&#54364; 1 &#44288;&#47144;) . Korea Ministry of Government Legislation (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2015.
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^ "[&#48372;&#46020;&#51088;&#47308;] &#50696;&#49328; &#50630;&#45796;&#45912; &#44397;&#48169;&#48512;, &#49324;&#44288;&#49373;&#46020;&#50640;&#44172;&#45716; &#44256;&#44032; &#50808;&#44397;&#48652;&#47004;&#46300; &#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#51648;&#44553;". Retrieved 4 August 2012.[dead link]
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^ Seo, Ji-eun "Steve Yoo isn’t coming back to Korea" Archived 6 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Joongang Daily. 20 October 2011. retrieved 2011-11-08
^ (in Korean) "&#52572;&#51648;&#50864;, '&#49849;&#54732;&#51060;&#50640;&#44172; &#47568; &#44152;&#50612;&#48380;&#44620;?"[permanent dead link] SSTV. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-06
^ "Song Seung-heon, Jang Hyeok Discharged from Military" HanCinema. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14
^ (in Korean) "Song Seung-heon discharged from the army"Yahoo News Korea, 2006-11-18. Archived 14 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Rapper Gets Suspended Jail Term for Draft Dodging" Chosun Ilbo. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14
^ "KBS, MBC release list of 36 banned entertainers" Dong-A Ilbo. 28 September 2011. 2011-10-14
^ Sunwoo, Carla (22 June 2012). "Actor Kim Moo-yul was poor enough to dodge military service". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
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^ "High-Paid Actor Exempted from Draft for Poverty". The Chosun Ilbo. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
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^ Sunwoo, Carla (11 July 2012). "Choi Daniel to replace Kim Moo-yul". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
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^ Sunwoo, Carla (11 October 2011). "Kim Moo-yul enlists after rumors". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
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^ "The Full Story Behind T.O.P's Drug Scandal, And The Mysterious Trainee Woman". June 2, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
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^ "Medical expert comments on T.O.P's benzodiazepine overdose | allkpop.com". allkpop. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
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^ "(LEAD) BIGBANG's T.O.P. gets suspended sentence for marijuana use". Yonhap News Agency. July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
^ "&#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51116;&#48373;&#47924;&#49900;&#49324;&#50640;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#44208;&#47200;… &#51032;&#44221;&#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448;" [Big Bang tower is inadequate in re-examination ... Deprivation of state]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P to lose police post after drug conviction". Yonhap News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
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^ "Medical expert comments on T.O.P's benzodiazepine overdose | allkpop.com". allkpop. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P hospitalized for drug overdose". YonhapNews. June 6, 2017. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
^ "K-pop superstar T.O.P. in intensive care after overdose". BBC. June 8, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
^ Kim Jung-kyoon (June 30, 2017). "T.O.P admits to all charges at first hearing". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
^ "Big Bang's T.O.P pleads guilty to pot charges". The Jakarta Post. June 30, 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
^ Park Hyeong-taek (June 29, 2017). "[SC&#54788;&#51109;] &#53457;, &#45824;&#47560;&#52488; 4&#54924; &#55137;&#50672; &#49884;&#51064;…"&#44277;&#49548;&#49324;&#49892; &#47784;&#46160; &#51064;&#51221;"" [[SC scene] Top, smoking four po ... "All the facts of the charges"]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). Retrieved July 19, 2017.
^ Riddhiman Mukhopadhyay (July 20, 2017). "Rapper T.O.P sentenced at final trial: Apologizes to fans for his actions". International Business Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
^ "(LEAD) BIGBANG's T.O.P. gets suspended sentence for marijuana use". Yonhap News Agency. July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
^ "&#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51116;&#48373;&#47924;&#49900;&#49324;&#50640;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#44208;&#47200;… &#51032;&#44221;&#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448;" [Big Bang tower is inadequate in re-examination ... Deprivation of state]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P to lose police post after drug conviction". Yonhap News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "&#53457;, &#51032;&#44221; &#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448; '&#51116;&#48373;&#47924; &#49900;&#49324;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#54032;&#51221;'" [Top, disqualification of state of rehabilitation]. Starin E-Daily (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BigBang rapper T.O.P cannot continue serving military duty as a policeman". Starits Times. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ Lee Young-jae (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#55137;&#50672;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51032;&#44221;&#50640;&#49436; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924; &#50836;&#50896; &#46096;&#45796;". Korea JoongAng Daily (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Ji-heon (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#50724;&#45720; &#51032;&#44221; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#44540;&#47924;". Yonhap News Agency (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Hae Kyung Heon (August 28, 2017). "&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#51665;&#50976;&#54032;&#44208; &#53457; &#44208;&#44397; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196;, &#45572;&#47532;&#44988; &#48152;&#51025; '&#45257;&#47021;'". Sports Khan (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

^ "&#48337;&#50669;&#51060;&#54665;&#50504;&#45236; - &#44060;&#50836;(&#52509;&#44292;)" [Military Service Implementation Guide - General Overview]. Military Manpower Organization (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-12-28.
^ a b Lee, Namhee (2007). The Making of Minjung: Democracy and the Politics of Representation in South Korea. Cornell University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0801445663.
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^ "Constitution of the Republic of Korea" (PDF). 1987. p. 12. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
^ Kim, Jongcheol (2012). "Constitutional Law". Introduction to Korean Law. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 78. ISBN 3642316891.
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^ "Military Service Act, Articles 10-14". Korean Legislation Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
^ Lent, Jesse (2016-04-01). "'Descendants Of The Sun' Star Song Joong Ki Discusses His Time In The South Korean Army". Korea Portal. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
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^ "Conscription 'Should Be Phased Out Slowly'". Chosun Ilbo. 2010-07-06. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ Kim, Christine (2010-12-22). "Plan to cut compulsory military service scrapped". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
^ "&#51228;68&#51312;&#51032;11(&#50696;&#49696;&#12685;&#52404;&#50977;&#50836;&#50896;&#51032; &#52628;&#52380; &#46321;) [Article 68-11: Recommendation of arts and sports personnel, etc.]". &#48337;&#50669;&#48277; &#49884;&#54665;&#47161; [Military Service Act Implementation Rules]. South Korea: Ministry of Government Legislation. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018. &#48277; &#51228;33&#51312;&#51032;7&#51228;1&#54637; &#51204;&#45800;&#50640;&#49436; "&#45824;&#53685;&#47161;&#47161;&#51004;&#47196; &#51221;&#54616;&#45716; &#50696;&#49696;·&#52404;&#50977; &#48516;&#50556;&#51032; &#53945;&#44592;&#47484; &#44032;&#51652; &#49324;&#46988;"&#51060;&#46976; &#45796;&#51020; &#44033; &#54840;&#51032; &#50612;&#45712; &#54616;&#45208;&#50640; &#54644;&#45817;&#54616;&#45716; &#49324;&#46988;&#51012; &#47568;&#54620;&#45796;. ... 4. &#50732;&#47548;&#54589;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 3&#50948; &#51060;&#49345;&#51004;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;) 5. &#50500;&#49884;&#50500;&#44221;&#44592;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 1&#50948;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;). [In Article 33, Paragraph 7, Subparagraph 2 of the Act, 'a person having special talents in arts and athletics fields, as defined by presidential order' refers to persons to whom are applicable any one of the provisions of the following subparagraphs. ... 4. A person who received a prize for ranked third or above at the Olympics (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated). 5. A person who received a prize for ranking first at the Asian Games (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated).]
^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
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^ "Medal instead of military service". The Hankyoreh. 11 August 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
^ "&#46308;&#52041;&#45216;&#52041; &#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;&#44592;&#51456; '&#54805;&#54217;&#49457;' &#45436;&#46976;…&#48337;&#47924;&#52397; '&#45572;&#51201;&#51216;&#49688;&#51228;' &#52628;&#51652;" (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. September 30, 2016.
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^ "Hyeon Chung Participates In Korean Military Training - ATP World Tour - Tennis - ATP World Tour - Tennis".
^ &#44277;&#47924;&#50896;&#48372;&#49688;&#44508;&#51221; '&#48324;&#54364; 13' &#44400;&#51064;&#51032; &#48393;&#44553;&#54364;(&#51228;5&#51312; &#48143; &#48324;&#54364; 1 &#44288;&#47144;) . Korea Ministry of Government Legislation (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2015.
^ &#51312;, &#44592;&#54840; (18 July 2012). "&#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#54620; &#53028;&#47112; &#47803; &#51452;&#45716; &#44400;(&#36557;)!". Seoul Broadcasting System. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
^ "[&#48372;&#46020;&#51088;&#47308;] &#50696;&#49328; &#50630;&#45796;&#45912; &#44397;&#48169;&#48512;, &#49324;&#44288;&#49373;&#46020;&#50640;&#44172;&#45716; &#44256;&#44032; &#50808;&#44397;&#48652;&#47004;&#46300; &#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#51648;&#44553;". Retrieved 4 August 2012.[dead link]
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^ "Big Bang's T.O.P pleads guilty to pot charges". The Jakarta Post. June 30, 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
^ Park Hyeong-taek (June 29, 2017). "[SC&#54788;&#51109;] &#53457;, &#45824;&#47560;&#52488; 4&#54924; &#55137;&#50672; &#49884;&#51064;…"&#44277;&#49548;&#49324;&#49892; &#47784;&#46160; &#51064;&#51221;"" [[SC scene] Top, smoking four po ... "All the facts of the charges"]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). Retrieved July 19, 2017.
^ Riddhiman Mukhopadhyay (July 20, 2017). "Rapper T.O.P sentenced at final trial: Apologizes to fans for his actions". International Business Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
^ "(LEAD) BIGBANG's T.O.P. gets suspended sentence for marijuana use". Yonhap News Agency. July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
^ "&#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51116;&#48373;&#47924;&#49900;&#49324;&#50640;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#44208;&#47200;… &#51032;&#44221;&#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448;" [Big Bang tower is inadequate in re-examination ... Deprivation of state]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P to lose police post after drug conviction". Yonhap News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "&#53457;, &#51032;&#44221; &#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448; '&#51116;&#48373;&#47924; &#49900;&#49324;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#54032;&#51221;'" [Top, disqualification of state of rehabilitation]. Starin E-Daily (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BigBang rapper T.O.P cannot continue serving military duty as a policeman". Starits Times. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ Lee Young-jae (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#55137;&#50672;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51032;&#44221;&#50640;&#49436; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924; &#50836;&#50896; &#46096;&#45796;". Korea JoongAng Daily (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Ji-heon (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488;' &#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#50724;&#45720; &#51032;&#44221; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#44540;&#47924;". Yonhap News Agency (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Hae Kyung Heon (August 28, 2017). "&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#51665;&#50976;&#54032;&#44208; &#53457; &#44208;&#44397; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196;, &#45572;&#47532;&#44988; &#48152;&#51025; '&#45257;&#47021;'". Sports Khan (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

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^ "&#51228;68&#51312;&#51032;11(&#50696;&#49696;&#12685;&#52404;&#50977;&#50836;&#50896;&#51032; &#52628;&#52380; &#46321;) [Article 68-11: Recommendation of arts and sports personnel, etc.]". &#48337;&#50669;&#48277; &#49884;&#54665;&#47161; [Military Service Act Implementation Rules]. South Korea: Ministry of Government Legislation. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018. &#48277; &#51228;33&#51312;&#51032;7&#51228;1&#54637; &#51204;&#45800;&#50640;&#49436; "&#45824;&#53685;&#47161;&#47161;&#51004;&#47196; &#51221;&#54616;&#45716; &#50696;&#49696;·&#52404;&#50977; &#48516;&#50556;&#51032; &#53945;&#44592;&#47484; &#44032;&#51652; &#49324;&#46988;"&#51060;&#46976; &#45796;&#51020; &#44033; &#54840;&#51032; &#50612;&#45712; &#54616;&#45208;&#50640; &#54644;&#45817;&#54616;&#45716; &#49324;&#46988;&#51012; &#47568;&#54620;&#45796;. ... 4. &#50732;&#47548;&#54589;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 3&#50948; &#51060;&#49345;&#51004;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;) 5. &#50500;&#49884;&#50500;&#44221;&#44592;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 1&#50948;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;). [In Article 33, Paragraph 7, Subparagraph 2 of the Act, 'a person having special talents in arts and athletics fields, as defined by presidential order' refers to persons to whom are applicable any one of the provisions of the following subparagraphs. ... 4. A person who received a prize for ranked third or above at the Olympics (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated). 5. A person who received a prize for ranking first at the Asian Games (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated).]
^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
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^ "Medal instead of military service". The Hankyoreh. 11 August 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
^ "&#46308;&#52041;&#45216;&#52041; &#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;&#44592;&#51456; '&#54805;&#54217;&#49457;' &#45436;&#46976;…&#48337;&#47924;&#52397; '&#45572;&#51201;&#51216;&#49688;&#51228;' &#52628;&#51652;" (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. September 30, 2016.
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^ "Star Swimmer Says Army Boot Camp Helped Him Grow". Chosun Ilbo. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
^ "Hyeon Chung Participates In Korean Military Training - ATP World Tour - Tennis - ATP World Tour - Tennis".
^ &#44277;&#47924;&#50896;&#48372;&#49688;&#44508;&#51221; '&#48324;&#54364; 13' &#44400;&#51064;&#51032; &#48393;&#44553;&#54364;(&#51228;5&#51312; &#48143; &#48324;&#54364; 1 &#44288;&#47144;) . Korea Ministry of Government Legislation (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2015.
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^ "[&#48372;&#46020;&#51088;&#47308;] &#50696;&#49328; &#50630;&#45796;&#45912; &#44397;&#48169;&#48512;, &#49324;&#44288;&#49373;&#46020;&#50640;&#44172;&#45716; &#44256;&#44032; &#50808;&#44397;&#48652;&#47004;&#46300; &#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#51648;&#44553;". Retrieved 4 August 2012.[dead link]
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^ Seo, Ji-eun "Steve Yoo isn’t coming back to Korea" Archived 6 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Joongang Daily. 20 October 2011. retrieved 2011-11-08
^ (in Korean) "&#52572;&#51648;&#50864;, '&#49849;&#54732;&#51060;&#50640;&#44172; &#47568; &#44152;&#50612;&#48380;&#44620;?"[permanent dead link] SSTV. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-06
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^ "Big Bang's T.O.P pleads guilty to pot charges". The Jakarta Post. June 30, 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
^ Park Hyeong-taek (June 29, 2017). "[SC&#54788;&#51109;] &#53457;, &#45824;&#47560;&#52488; 4&#54924; &#55137;&#50672; &#49884;&#51064;…"&#44277;&#49548;&#49324;&#49892; &#47784;&#46160; &#51064;&#51221;"" [[SC scene] Top, smoking four po ... "All the facts of the charges"]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). Retrieved July 19, 2017.
^ Riddhiman Mukhopadhyay (July 20, 2017). "Rapper T.O.P sentenced at final trial: Apologizes to fans for his actions". International Business Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
^ "(LEAD) BIGBANG's T.O.P. gets suspended sentence for marijuana use". Yonhap News Agency. July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
^ "&#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51116;&#48373;&#47924;&#49900;&#49324;&#50640;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#44208;&#47200;… &#51032;&#44221;&#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448;" [Big Bang tower is inadequate in re-examination ... Deprivation of state]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P to lose police post after drug conviction". Yonhap News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "&#53457;, &#51032;&#44221; &#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448; '&#51116;&#48373;&#47924; &#49900;&#49324;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#54032;&#51221;'" [Top, disqualification of state of rehabilitation]. Starin E-Daily (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
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^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
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^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

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^ "&#47532;&#50864;&#50640;&#49436;&#46020; &#46496;&#50724;&#47480; &#52629;&#44396;&#45824;&#54364;&#54016; '&#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;'".
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^ "&#46308;&#52041;&#45216;&#52041; &#48337;&#50669;&#53945;&#47168;&#44592;&#51456; '&#54805;&#54217;&#49457;' &#45436;&#46976;…&#48337;&#47924;&#52397; '&#45572;&#51201;&#51216;&#49688;&#51228;' &#52628;&#51652;" (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. September 30, 2016.
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^ &#44277;&#47924;&#50896;&#48372;&#49688;&#44508;&#51221; '&#48324;&#54364; 13' &#44400;&#51064;&#51032; &#48393;&#44553;&#54364;(&#51228;5&#51312; &#48143; &#48324;&#54364; 1 &#44288;&#47144;) . Korea Ministry of Government Legislation (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2015.
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^ "[&#48372;&#46020;&#51088;&#47308;] &#50696;&#49328; &#50630;&#45796;&#45912; &#44397;&#48169;&#48512;, &#49324;&#44288;&#49373;&#46020;&#50640;&#44172;&#45716; &#44256;&#44032; &#50808;&#44397;&#48652;&#47004;&#46300; &#50868;&#46041;&#54868; &#51648;&#44553;". Retrieved 4 August 2012.[dead link]
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^ (in Korean) "&#52572;&#51648;&#50864;, '&#49849;&#54732;&#51060;&#50640;&#44172; &#47568; &#44152;&#50612;&#48380;&#44620;?"[permanent dead link] SSTV. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-06
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^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Hae Kyung Heon (August 28, 2017). "&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#51665;&#50976;&#54032;&#44208; &#53457; &#44208;&#44397; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196;, &#45572;&#47532;&#44988; &#48152;&#51025; '&#45257;&#47021;'". Sports Khan (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.
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Conscription in South Korea
Conscription in South Korea has existed since 1957 and requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 35 to perform about two years of compulsory military service.[1][2] Women are not required to perform military service, but may voluntarily enlist.[3]

Establishment Edit

The basis for military conscription in South Korea is the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, which was promulgated on July 17, 1948. The constitution states in Article 39, "All citizens shall have the duty of national defense under the conditions as prescribed by Act."[4][5] The Military Service Act of 1949, which was implemented in 1957, specified that compulsory military service is required for men ages 18 or older.[6][2] Conscription is managed by the Military Manpower Administration, which was created in 1948.[7]

Requirements Edit

Enlistment and physical exam Edit
By law, when a Korean man turns 18 years old, he is enlisted for "first citizen service," meaning he is liable for military duty, but is not yet required to serve.[6][8] When he turns 19 years old (or, in some instances, 20 years old), he is required to undergo a physical exam to determine whether he is suitable for military service. The table below shows the physical exam's possible grades and their outcomes, according to the Military Service Act.[9]

Grade Description Outcome
1, 2, 3, 4 "Those whose physical and psychological constitution is healthy enough to perform active or supplemental service." "To be enlisted for active duty service, supplemental service or the second citizen service, based on their qualifications, such as educational background and age."
5 "Those incapable of entering active or supplemental service, but capable of entering the second citizen service." "To be enlisted for the second citizen service."
6 "Those incapable of performing military service due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To be exempted from military service."
7 "Those unable to be graded...due to any disease or mental or physical incompetence." "To undergo a follow-up physical examination" within two years.
Service types and length Edit
The length of compulsory military service in South Korea varies based on military branch.[10] Active duty soldiers serve 21 months in the Army or Marine Corps, 23 months in the Navy, and 24 months in the Air Force.[11] After conscripts finish their military service, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for 6 years.[citation needed]

Non-active duty personnel, or "supplemental service" personnel serve for various lengths: 24 months for social work personnel or international cooperation service personnel; 34 months for arts and sports personnel or industrial technical personnel; and 36 months for public health doctors, lawyers, veterinarians, or expert researchers.[12]

South Korea currently has among the longest military service periods in the world, ranked behind Israel, Singapore, and North Korea.[citation needed] In 2010, there was growing public pressure to either shorten the length of conscription or to switch to voluntary military service, and calls from experts for a gradual phasing out of conscription rather than complete abolition.[13] However, in December 2010, after taking into consideration of the 2010 ROKS Cheonan sinking and Bombardment of Yeonpyeong incidents, the South Korean government said it would not reduce service periods.[14]

Exemptions for Olympic medalists Edit
Current conscription regulations stipulate that athletes who win medals in the Olympic Games or gold medals in the Asian Games are granted exemptions from military service and are placed in Grade 4.[15] They are required to do four weeks of basic military training and engage in sports field for 34 months. After that, they are automatically placed on the reserve roster, and are obligated to attend a few days of annual military training for six years. In practice, after athletes finish their four weeks of basic military training, they are able to continue their own sports career during the 34 months of duty.[16]

Notable athletes who have been granted exemptions from military service are the bronze medal-winning football team at the 2012 Summer Olympics,[17][18] 2008 Olympic gold medalists badminton player Lee Yong-dae[19] and swimmer Park Tae-hwan[20][21] and 2014 Asian Games gold medalist tennis player Hyeon Chung.[22]

Compensation Edit

The following data is from 'Regulation on Public Servant Compensation', implemented on 1 January 2017.[23] Exchange rate as of 2 May 2018 (&#8361;1077 to $1.00USD)

Private (&#51060;&#46321;&#48337;) Private first class (&#51068;&#46321;&#48337;) Corporal (&#49345;&#46321;&#48337;) Sergeant (&#48337;&#51109;)
&#8361;163,000
$151.35 (approx) per month &#8361;176,400
$163.79 (approx) per month &#8361;195,000
$181.06 (approx) per month &#8361;216,000
$200.56 (approx) per month
Equipment Edit

The Ministry of National Defense has revealed that it has failed to provide sneakers to 7,411 recruits who joined the military from 22 May to 4 June 2012, after the budget was insufficient for need. The Defense ministry originally projected the cost of each pair of sneakers to be 11,000 KRW. However, the actual cost turned out to be 15,000 KRW.[24]

The office of National Assembly member Kim Kwang-jin of Democratic United Party revealed that cadets in Korea Military Academy were provided with sneakers worth 60,000 KRW and tennis shoes. Cadets in Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon were provided with sneakers worth 64,250 KRW, in addition to running shoes and soccer shoes.[25]

Dual citizens Edit

For dual citizens, or those with multiple citizenships, male South Koreans must choose their citizenship by the time they turn 18, before March 31 of that year. If these males choose to revoke their South Korean citizenship, they will not be required to complete their mandatory military service. However, if they fail to choose their citizenship by their 18th year, they will be subjected to fulfill their mandatory military service.[26] If males choose to renounce their citizenship by their 18th year, they are ineligible to gain a Korean work visa (F series) until after they turn 40 years of age. It may still be possible to gain an E series visa.

Controversies Edit

The South Korean public is sensitive towards the country's mandatory military service, but also has a low tolerance towards those who attempt to dodge or receive special treatment, especially after scandals of wealthy families caught trying to avoid their national duty. Those found or accused of draft dodging and negligence of duty often face harsh penalties and public backlash. According to Ha Jae-keun, a South Korean pop columnist, "The mood against draft-dodgers and negligence of duty is so hostile that nowadays entertainers feel it's better to get it over and done with".[27][28]

Steve Yoo Edit
In 2002, right before Korean American pop singer Steve Yoo was due to be drafted for his military service, he gave up his Korean nationality and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He was born in Seoul and migrated to the United States at the age of 13. The South Korean government considered it an act of desertion and deported him, banning him from entering the country permanently.[29]

Song Seung-heon Edit
In late 2004, it was revealed that actor Song Seung-heon had avoided his draft by taking medication to fail the military physical examination. Song had previously been exempted by claiming to have severe diabetes and high blood pressure, but that was found by the South Korean government to be false.[30] Amidst press coverage and public outcry, Song publicly apologized and agreed to immediately serve his two-year term in the military. Song was discharged on 15 November 2006 with the rank of Corporal.[31][32]

MC Mong Edit
On 11 April 2011, rapper MC Mong was cleared of intentionally pulling out healthy teeth to be exempted from military duty but was sentenced to a suspended jail term of 6 months, probation for one year, and 120 hours of community service, for deliberately delaying enlistment on false grounds.[33] The court acknowledged that there was a delay in his military enlistment; however, they were unable to determine whether he was guilty of extracting teeth for the purpose of avoiding his military draft. In September 2011, it was reported that Mong has been banned by Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from appearing in its TV shows, for draft dodging.[34]

Kim Mu-yeol Edit
In June 2012 Kim Mu-yeol came under growing public criticism over allegations he dodged his compulsory military service. In a report released by the Korean Board of Audit and Inspection (BAI), Kim was deemed fit to serve in active duty as a level two recruit after a March 2001 physical examination. However, throughout 2007 to 2009, Kim was granted postponement on the grounds that he was taking civil service examinations or had been admitted to a work training facility, neither of which took place. During this time he reportedly earned approximately &#8361;300 million from films, musicals and television work. In December 2009, he received his final notice for enlistment, having used up the 730 days allowed for postponement. He submitted a request to change his military status in January 2010 because of a knee injury, which was rejected. Finally, a valid exemption was granted on the grounds that he was a "low-income individual" and the sole provider for his family. BAI's contention was that Kim's income is substantially higher than the standard for disqualification due to poverty; thus, the Military Manpower Administration was negligent in their duties by granting the exemption.[35][36][37]

Kim's agency Prain TPC defended him, stating that Kim had been supporting his family by working as a security guard, construction worker and at a mobile phone factory since his late teens. When his father collapsed from a cerebral hemorrhage and was diagnosed with cancer in 2008, the treatments incurred a lot of debt for the family. Their worsening financial condition caused them to become totally dependent on Kim, resulting in his said filing for an exemption in 2010.[38] Given the publicity, a reinvestigation into the case was launched and Kim was asked by the production company to leave the film 11 A.M. (he was replaced by Choi Daniel).[39][40] On 4 October 2012, Kim released a statement that though there was no wrongdoing on his part, he had decided to voluntarily enter the army "to recover his honor damaged by the rumors."[41][42]

T.O.P Edit
T.O.P began his two-year mandatory military service on February 9, 2017 as a conscripted police officer, where he was set to be discharged on November 8, 2018 after completing the requirements.[43] However, it was announced in June that he would be prosecuted without detention for use of marijuana.[44] He was subsequently transferred to a different police division to await notice of prosecution, and was suspended from police duty pending verdict on his case.[45] A few days after the announcement, T.O.P was found unconscious in police barracks due to a suspected anti-anxiety medicine overdose of prescribed benzodiazepine,[46] and was hospitalized.[47] On June 8, T.O.P's mother confirmed that her son had opened his eyes and was recovering.[48]

On June 29, T.O.P faced his first trial for the marijuana usage charges at the Seoul Central District Court.[49] He pleaded guilty to the charges against him and admitted that he did smoke marijuana on two out of the four instances.[50] T.O.P received two years of probation, with a possibility of ten months' jail time if he violates any terms.[51] At the second court hearing the following month, T.O.P was sentenced to 10 months in prison suspended for two years for illegal marijuana use.[52] He acknowledged all guilty charges. After undergoing a disciplinary review by the police to decide if T.O.P could return as a conscripted policeman or will complete his service as a public service officer,[53] the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency reviewed T.O.P's current condition and decided T.O.P is unfit to resume service in his previous position.[54][55] A request was made to Army headquarters for a new position for T.O.P to determine either to serve as a public service worker of a full-time reserve soldier to complete his mandatory service.[56][57] T.O.P was eventually assigned reservist status by the Ministry of National Defense and transferred from police department.[58] He will complete his mandatory service as a public service worker.[59] The time T.O.P had been dismissed from duty during his prosecution will not count towards his total service.[60][61]

Conscientious objection Edit

The right to conscientious objection is not recognised in South Korea.[62] Usually, over 400 people are imprisoned at any one time for refusing military service, for political or religious reasons. This is contrary to international human rights standards and the government of Korea have been repeatedly criticised for not allowing those whose conscience prevents them from joining the military to undertake some kind of substitute service, rather than imprisoning them.

See also Edit

Republic of Korea Armed Forces
Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Marine Corps
Republic of Korea Navy
Republic of Korea Air Force
References Edit

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^ "&#51228;68&#51312;&#51032;11(&#50696;&#49696;&#12685;&#52404;&#50977;&#50836;&#50896;&#51032; &#52628;&#52380; &#46321;) [Article 68-11: Recommendation of arts and sports personnel, etc.]". &#48337;&#50669;&#48277; &#49884;&#54665;&#47161; [Military Service Act Implementation Rules]. South Korea: Ministry of Government Legislation. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2018. &#48277; &#51228;33&#51312;&#51032;7&#51228;1&#54637; &#51204;&#45800;&#50640;&#49436; "&#45824;&#53685;&#47161;&#47161;&#51004;&#47196; &#51221;&#54616;&#45716; &#50696;&#49696;·&#52404;&#50977; &#48516;&#50556;&#51032; &#53945;&#44592;&#47484; &#44032;&#51652; &#49324;&#46988;"&#51060;&#46976; &#45796;&#51020; &#44033; &#54840;&#51032; &#50612;&#45712; &#54616;&#45208;&#50640; &#54644;&#45817;&#54616;&#45716; &#49324;&#46988;&#51012; &#47568;&#54620;&#45796;. ... 4. &#50732;&#47548;&#54589;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 3&#50948; &#51060;&#49345;&#51004;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;) 5. &#50500;&#49884;&#50500;&#44221;&#44592;&#45824;&#54924;&#50640;&#49436; 1&#50948;&#47196; &#51077;&#49345;&#54620; &#49324;&#46988;(&#45800;&#52404;&#44221;&#44592;&#51333;&#47785;&#51032; &#44221;&#50864;&#50640;&#45716; &#49892;&#51228;&#47196; &#52636;&#51204;&#54620; &#49440;&#49688;&#47564; &#54644;&#45817;&#54620;&#45796;). [In Article 33, Paragraph 7, Subparagraph 2 of the Act, 'a person having special talents in arts and athletics fields, as defined by presidential order' refers to persons to whom are applicable any one of the provisions of the following subparagraphs. ... 4. A person who received a prize for ranked third or above at the Olympics (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated). 5. A person who received a prize for ranking first at the Asian Games (in the case of team events, only applicable to athletes who actually participated).]
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^ Lee, Hye-ji (5 October 2012). "Kim Moo-yeol to Enter Army, Cleaning out Exemption Rumors". 10Asia. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
^ Sunwoo, Carla (11 October 2011). "Kim Moo-yul enlists after rumors". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P confirms military enlistment date". Yibada. November 22, 2016.
^ "The Full Story Behind T.O.P's Drug Scandal, And The Mysterious Trainee Woman". June 2, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
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^ Riddhiman Mukhopadhyay (July 20, 2017). "Rapper T.O.P sentenced at final trial: Apologizes to fans for his actions". International Business Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
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^ "&#48709;&#48197; &#53457;, &#51116;&#48373;&#47924;&#49900;&#49324;&#50640;&#49436; &#48512;&#51201;&#54633; &#44208;&#47200;… &#51032;&#44221;&#49888;&#48516; &#48149;&#53448;" [Big Bang tower is inadequate in re-examination ... Deprivation of state]. Sports Chosun (in Korean). July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
^ "BIGBANG's T.O.P to lose police post after drug conviction". Yonhap News Agency. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
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^ Kim Yoo-jin (August 28, 2017). "'&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#45436;&#46976;' &#53457;, &#48372;&#52649;&#50669; &#53685;&#48372;&#48155;&#44256; &#50724;&#45720; &#51204;&#50669;…&#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196; &#51204;&#54872;". Herald Economy (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ Hae Kyung Heon (August 28, 2017). "&#45824;&#47560;&#52488; &#51665;&#50976;&#54032;&#44208; &#53457; &#44208;&#44397; &#49324;&#54924;&#48373;&#47924;&#50836;&#50896;&#51004;&#47196;, &#45572;&#47532;&#44988; &#48152;&#51025; '&#45257;&#47021;'". Sports Khan (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-29.
^ "Country report and updates: Korea, South - War Resisters' International". www.wri-irg.org.u
Exter

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:03 PM
Author: \"\'\'\'\"\'\'\'\"\"

JFC

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:03 PM
Author: CapTTTainFalcon

Cop gets put on paid leave, city (i.e., the taxpayer) loses $10 million.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:03 PM
Author: nyuug(Sucka FREE)


ITT: a cave dweller who left platos cave

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:03 PM
Author: stephen biko

Can't possibly be worse than the Dyson shithead.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:03 PM
Author: tony ravioli

JFC

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:03 PM
Author: \"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"

Who is chapo

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:03 PM
Author: Morning In America

Left obviously

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:03 PM
Author: boyfriend grade penis

JFC

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:03 PM
Author: War Machine

You have a simplistic, Skip Bayless level view of the sport. Simply swapping in "better" players isn't a universal net positive in every situation.

For example, Kevin Love was out, and the Cavs had perhaps their most impressive defensive performance of the playoffs. is Jeff green better than Love in a vacuum? Of course not. But against a big like Horford in the Celtics system, he might be.



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:02 PM
Author: \"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:02 PM
Author: united states poast office(fresh prince of bellevue)


JFC

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:02 PM
Author: Morning In America

Jfc

Whatever. Equal rights.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:02 PM
Author: TRUMPdog Billionaire(Dr. Thunder 0xE4D4d5d2357f9070e710FaCB96745Df340b63a77)


i watched the last 4 minutes. i think boston hit one shot from the field.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:02 PM
Author: I Know Why the Caged Turd Singhs

about equal, right solely because of my braces fetish

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:02 PM
Author: scholarshipalt23

explain your reasoning

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:01 PM
Author: prince never spins

fuck this jew sport.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:01 PM
Author: \"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"

Reasonable outcome in third world police state

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:00 PM
Author: \"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 11:00 PM
Author: \'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"

jfc this loser clitdick nowag has immediately hijacked and ruined a fun harmless Krampus thread
he needs to be shut down

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:59 PM
Author: bowlcut autist

one of commenters said she was drinking on the beach and refused to show ID idk

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:59 PM
Author: stephen biko

This is great jerk material.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:58 PM
Author: jonnyBlaze

wate wut

i did enjoy the chapo podcast

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:58 PM
Author: .;:..;:;.:.;.,,,.,.:,.;;,;;;..;,

Lot of experts ITT.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:58 PM
Author: \'\"\'\'\'\'\"\'\'\"\"



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:57 PM
Author: stephen biko

I had 2 ALL BEEF hotdogs with relish fresh off the grill today with slightly crisped hotdog buns. Shit was outrageous.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:57 PM
Author: .,.,....,.,.,.,:,:,...,:::,....,:,.,.:...,:.::,.

asians are way ahead of us on that one

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:57 PM
Author: part of this kakistocracy

Also Omaha, SLC, Louisville, etc.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:57 PM
Author: Metal Up Your Ass

L

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:57 PM
Author: Morning In America

But why?



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:56 PM
Author: .,.,....,.,.,.,:,:,...,:::,....,:,.,.:...,:.::,.

harsh but fair

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:56 PM
Author: Big Lenny(All poasts are performance art )


Racist cops

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:56 PM
Author: \'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"

I already am
Have I missed any dumb nyuug threads recently?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:56 PM
Author: Krampusnacht

Yes. But I've eaten far more hamburgers.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:56 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:56 PM
Author: black pete



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:56 PM
Author: Autist looking you square in the eyes



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:56 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)


lol that doesn't seem like an authorized technique

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:55 PM
Author: chandler



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:55 PM
Author: Adolf Fucking Hitler



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:55 PM
Author: Morning In America

He's 180

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:55 PM
Author: nyuug(Sucka FREE)


guy who is protected by first world police that are not violent nor militarized here, sup

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:54 PM
Author: stephen biko

Please do this.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:54 PM
Author: black pete

Don't mind if all these people die

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:54 PM
Author: \'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:54 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)


like :D, i dont eat processed meat if i can help it

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:54 PM
Author: Autist looking you square in the eyes

Puts up a brick!

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:54 PM
Author: \'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:53 PM
Author: kinetic card books(books tp)


Beans done here

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:53 PM
Author: nyuug(Sucka FREE)


oh hai IRATE cumskin pumo!

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:53 PM
Author: bowlcut autist

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0eq2RgX23g

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:53 PM
Author: \'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"

(clitdick loser bitch whining about me posting multiple items of scholarship in his dumb threads)
stop shitting up good threads or all your stupid threads will die at my hand


(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:52 PM
Author: boomer crossing things off \'bucket list\'

why not this bargain https://www.yeti.com/buckets/loadout-5-gallon-bucket/YLOB5.html

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:52 PM
Author: Big Lenny(All poasts are performance art )


Soccer fans will riot in the streets over a bunch of sissies rolling around on the grass crying and faking injuries but they won't defend their country from a full on assault by subversives and foreign invaders

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:52 PM
Author: nyuug(Sucka FREE)


https://www.billboard.com/articles/columns/chart-beat/8458037/bts-love-yourself-tear-first-k-pop-album-no-1-billboard-200

#1 album and first korean group to crack #1

cumskins, explain yourselves

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:52 PM
Author: .,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:51 PM
Author: scholarshipalt23

left but lol at me ever facing that choice

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:51 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:51 PM
Author: black pete

Nice photto

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:51 PM
Author: Metal Up Your Ass



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:50 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:50 PM
Author: Big Lenny(All poasts are performance art )


This is scary stuff. Whites don't have the will to survive

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:50 PM
Author: dha tux( )


Left

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:50 PM
Author: backspace(loves you just the way you are)


i rate it 4 nuremberg mistrials out of 5

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:50 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)


left

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:49 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)


2 beautiful women

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:49 PM
Author: nyuug(Sucka FREE)


(insufferable anti free speech shitlib)

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:48 PM
Author: nyuug(Sucka FREE)


7, 7

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:48 PM
Author: ><<(^((*>(0x9219DDFD2869edABd47A8e905e87d76e42C712da)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:48 PM
Author: Autist looking you square in the eyes

But 4 which team

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:48 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)


you never had an std test or a girl finger ur butthold?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:48 PM
Author: stephen biko



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:47 PM
Author: Autist looking you square in the eyes

jfc stop shitting up threads with your irrelevant faggotry

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:47 PM
Author: ..,,,..,.,...:;,.:...,,,.;;,:......,,,.



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:47 PM
Author: black pete

That link broke my phone browser and should literally be deleted

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:47 PM
Author: Krampusnacht

bro you'd be eaten alive in Svalbard, literally

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:46 PM
Author: ((( : {| ]



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:46 PM
Author: Gregor

When you are 42 you will look back wistfully at the chubby 27 yos you cringed over when you are 27.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:46 PM
Author: Autist looking you square in the eyes



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:46 PM
Author: nyuug(Sucka FREE)


guy who creampied 2 white norwegian girls, fucked a chinese norwegian, and a white british girl in oslo earlier this year here, sup

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:46 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut

Pretty sure it happened. Maybe Huma is a poaster.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:45 PM
Author: lawman8

I did it for fun. You fags just need higher T.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:45 PM
Author: .,.,.,,,.,,.,.,.,,.,.,.,.,.,,.,.,.,.



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:45 PM
Author: nyuug(Sucka FREE)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:45 PM
Author: Krampusnacht

http://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2015/07/08/norwegian-island-firearms-mandatory-to-carry/

...because it's full of POLAR BEARS. After many tourists were eaten by polar bears, there is now MANDATORY carrying of firearms on the island of Svalbard.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:45 PM
Author: \'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"

https://imgur.com/a/GxTM01A

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:44 PM
Author: Deranged tinder pumo



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:44 PM
Author: Big Lenny(All poasts are performance art )




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:44 PM
Author: Shohei Ohtani



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:44 PM
Author: Morning In America

Lol

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:44 PM
Author: The URBAN MEYER 8-4 JUGGERNAUT

Finals don’t start until tomorrow

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:43 PM
Author: ((( : {| ]



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:43 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut

The country thanks you for your service

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:43 PM
Author: Krampusnacht

phew this turned out not to be necessary

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:42 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:42 PM
Author: ((( : {| ]



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:41 PM
Author: :D(5000 mcg B12/wk, 150 mcg iodine/day, 250 mg algal DHA-EPA/day)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:41 PM
Author: biglaw associate asking if link is worksafe @ 11pm(LM95)


;)

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:41 PM
Author: barnabyjones

Ljl you wrote “pussy”. Now think a moment on what your bitchass party did when trump said pussy. Your party fucking sucks man.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:41 PM
Author: Morning In America



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:40 PM
Author: \'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:40 PM
Author: .,..,,,.,,,,,.,,.,,



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:40 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:40 PM
Author: .,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.

Lol

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:40 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)


http://www.tennisworldusa.org/tennis/news/Rafael_Nadal/55455/richard-krajicek-i-was-convinced-nadal-would-win-french-open-but-now-/

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:40 PM
Author: stephen biko

There is no point. My TCL with built in Roku makes a cable box obsolete.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:40 PM
Author: \"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"

NBA has more well crafted long term storylines

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:40 PM
Author: .;:..;:;.:.;.,,,.,.:,.;;,;;;..;,

Describe

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:39 PM
Author: :D(5000 mcg B12/wk, 150 mcg iodine/day, 250 mg algal DHA-EPA/day)


This is sick!

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:39 PM
Author: CapTTTainFalcon

equity dogs ONLY

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:39 PM
Author: Jews, report to the ovens immediately



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:39 PM
Author: Jews, report to the ovens immediately



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:38 PM
Author: Jews, report to the ovens immediately



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:38 PM
Author: http://i.imgur.com/GzDww8M.jpg



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:38 PM
Author: \'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"

Control and rent money

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:38 PM
Author: Jews, report to the ovens immediately



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:38 PM
Author: Jews, report to the ovens immediately



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:38 PM
Author: Don Kihote

watched a game w some work bros the other day

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:38 PM
Author: \'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"

Those puppies died on the next flight

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:38 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut

And second

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:37 PM
Author: Gregor



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:37 PM
Author: Autist looking you square in the eyes

I’m watching the tree hockey game it’s kinda bad

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:37 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)


"evolution" is complete BS

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:36 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)


? it's 4:30am in paris. roland garros doesnt start for another few hours

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:36 PM
Author: Don Kihote

lol I was watching baseball earlier

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:36 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut

I fucking laughed hard in bed and woke up wife over this thread.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:36 PM
Author: zurich is stained (but it\'s not my fault)(ass smells like a dick)


ellicott city is at the bottom of a gorge. i have no idea why they built a city there and how the businesses/homes there get insurance. the fucking place floods about every three years.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:36 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:36 PM
Author: Autist looking you square in the eyes

Ok but twinkball will win the finals

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:35 PM
Author: .,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.

Football season doesn't even start for a few months bro

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:35 PM
Author: Tarana Burke\'s huge-ass nose



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:35 PM
Author: scholarshipalt23

This is good man, lead changes, close, physical. Better than 120 pt game twinkball

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:35 PM
Author: dha tux( )


"service" dog fucking fraud

looks like a good dog though

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:35 PM
Author: http://i.imgur.com/GzDww8M.jpg

Yeah it is but wastewater management is shitty all over.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:34 PM
Author: ..,....,,............,,..,..,.

I hope Trump tweets about this. We need to take over the UK and impose the first amendment there.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:34 PM
Author: Krampusnacht

and actually I think it's only this one city in Maryland that gets flooded BIG TIME every few years

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellicott_City,_Maryland

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:33 PM
Author: Maori woman performing defiant haka

yeah tampa's still pretty white

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:33 PM
Author: stephen biko

Hawaii Judge rules...

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:33 PM
Author: B O O M

https://www.truthaboutdeception.com/cheating-and-infidelity/stats-about-infidelity.html

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:33 PM
Author: Krampusnacht

it actually does have a lot of mountainous terrain, and that is not the part of the state where the floods happen

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:32 PM
Author: :D(5000 mcg B12/wk, 150 mcg iodine/day, 250 mg algal DHA-EPA/day)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:32 PM
Author: stephen biko

The facts are on his side, ie, he didn't steal anything or pirate any copyright software. Your copy pasta doesn't change anything, imbecile.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:32 PM
Author: http://i.imgur.com/GzDww8M.jpg

Old and shitty infrastructure

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:32 PM
Author: .,.,.;;,;.,..,:,,:,;.,:::,..;.,:,.,..:.,,.:.,:.::,

would rather watch the meaningless giants-cubs game

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:31 PM
Author: ..,....,,............,,..,..,.

Let’s see this faggot judge hold Fox News in contempt

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:31 PM
Author: Metal Up Your Ass



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:31 PM
Author: ..,....,,............,,..,..,.

https://twitter.com/carpheydenim/status/1000329047740567553

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:31 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:31 PM
Author: leo34

LOL, you've got nothing and knew none of the facts of the case.

Microsoft (or Dell or any of the OEMs) can be a bully, but Lundgren is hardly the sympathetic protagonist the articles make him out to be.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:31 PM
Author: ,.,..,.,..,.,.,.,..,.,..,..,..,.,,..,.,,.

it's not like that state has gigantic rivers or mountainous terrain with flood-prone canyons, either. but it keeps happening.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:31 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut

Ok which one of you went through with this?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:30 PM
Author: \'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"

Fuck yeah man

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:30 PM
Author: Maori woman performing defiant haka



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:30 PM
Author: zurich is stained (but it\'s not my fault)(ass smells like a dick)


cocaine

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:30 PM
Author: \'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"

I can't enjoy that nigger shit

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:29 PM
Author: crazy pills



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:29 PM
Author: \'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"

Wtf

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:28 PM
Author: ,.,...,..,.,.,:,..,.,.,:;,......;,..,;,:..:,::,.

(MAF Chileno)

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:27 PM
Author: stephen biko

I'm not responding to copy and paste you undiscerning bootlicking moron

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:27 PM
Author: ..,....,,............,,..,..,.

Drudge is doing god’s work

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:27 PM
Author: chandler



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:27 PM
Author: ..,....,,............,,..,..,.

The third link has video of tons of people showing up in the street to protest this

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:26 PM
Author: chandler



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:26 PM
Author: Buck \"The Club\" Paulette

IF HE DIES, HE DIES

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:25 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut

?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:25 PM
Author: .,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:24 PM
Author: stephen biko



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:24 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:23 PM
Author: crazy pills



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:23 PM
Author: Autist looking you square in the eyes

Good find

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:23 PM
Author: \'\'\"\'\"\'\'\"

the whole place fell apart over the last few months

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:23 PM
Author: http://i.imgur.com/GzDww8M.jpg

?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:23 PM
Author: .;:..;:;.:.;.,,,.,.:,.;;,;;;..;,

Why watch something where we know the outcome?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:23 PM
Author: leolenin

Libs absolutely devastated

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:23 PM
Author: Krampusnacht

oh wow the father was actually there

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:22 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)


conthequenthes of that thpeech

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:22 PM
Author: Morning In America

Lol at that sting operation. Faggot govt employees wasting their time on this fucking shit.

Gas them all

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:21 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5774925/Service-dog-gives-birth-litter-eight-puppies-Tampa-airport-help-Fire-Rescue.html?ito=video_player_click

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:20 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)


I will not vote for him again if the wall has not started

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:20 PM
Author: .,,,.,,..,.,.,:,:,,...,::,...,:,.,..:..,:.::,.

Lolno

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:20 PM
Author: Don Kihote



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:20 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)


overwhelming majority of dems want to jail hate speakers

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:20 PM
Author: jonnyBlaze

(matt drudge)

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:20 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:19 PM
Author: ><<(^((*>(0x9219DDFD2869edABd47A8e905e87d76e42C712da)


Could the most economically socialist states be peeled off of that electoral college "blue wall"? By, perhaps, having the Republican run to the left of the Democrat?

https://www.politicalcompass.org/uselection2016


(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:19 PM
Author: stephen biko

Are there even enough men in the UK at this time who are willing to stand up to the government and say no, we don't want savage pedophilie barbarians in our country?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:19 PM
Author: TRUMPdog Billionaire(Dr. Thunder 0xE4D4d5d2357f9070e710FaCB96745Df340b63a77)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:19 PM
Author: Nothing Was the Same

https://youtu.be/UC6USOV4ewc

That's what my people call him now anyway. It's official at this point.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:18 PM
Author: Buck \"The Club\" Paulette

Chelsea Clinton skewered President Donald Trump’s character in a recent interview, accusing him of degrading “what it means to be an American.”

Clinton, a philanthropist and the daughter of former President Bill Clinton and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, tore into Trump when asked about his planned July visit to Britain during an interview published Saturday in The Guardian.

“If I lived in Britain I would show up to protest, because I don’t agree with what he’s doing to degrade what it means to be an American,” Clinton said.

Clinton, 38, also told the newspaper that she’s been the target of “vitriol” for as long as she could remember and credited Trump for prompting her decision to start firing back at people who say “hateful” things to her.

“The reason, now, I no longer ignore it when people say hateful things to me on the street or on social media is, I think we have to shine a light,” Clinton said.

“I think those of us who have platforms to do that have to say this is wrong and unacceptable, so we don’t normalize it but try to detoxify what has been unleashed,” she said. “Because if we don’t, we leave a vacuum. And I think the darkness fills that vacuum.”

Trump has continued to call for Hillary Clinton, his 2016 election opponent, to be jailed for her e-mail practices as secretary of state, even though the FBI almost two years ago concluded no charges were warranted. The president has also mocked women’s appearances and promoted bigoted views.

“I think that the way that our president and many people around him have not only mainstreamed hate, but mainlined it, is so deeply dangerous,” Clinton said.

“I think the wreckage that we’re seeing at this moment is one that will, I hope, be repaired on the policy standpoint when we elect Democrats,” she continued. “But I think we will still then have work to do on repairing the tone in our country, the exposure of the real racist and sexist, homophobic, Islamophobic and anti-Semitic feeling which is on the rise in our country &#8213; a rot that has been exposed.”

Clinton praised the “hugely important” First Amendment, but said “freedom of speech” doesn’t mean there should be a “freedom of consequences.”

“Sure, you should not be in prison because you said something racist,” Clinton said. “But you also shouldn’t be able to run for president. And yet here we are.”

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:18 PM
Author: Morning In America

Heh she likes to fuck heh

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:18 PM
Author: leo34

It's undisputed that the disks were sold, not given away for free.

Lundgren also pleaded guilty to infringing Dell's trademark in trying to make the disks look as authentic as possible -- these were restore disks for Dell computers. It wasn't merely using the MS logo to indicate Microsoft software as you seem to believe. The disks were being sold for between $1 and $2 a pop. When you multiply that by hundreds of thousands of CDs, it adds up.

Also, you can download essentially all Microsoft install binaries (Windows, Office, etc.) off their website, but counterfeiting these disks and importing them them isn't any less illegal.

This practice of refurbishing reusing old computers is at odds with MS's goal to sell people on new software.

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:18 PM
Author: .,.,.:.,..,:,.,.:.,.,:,..:.,:,..:.,.,:.:...:,



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:18 PM
Author: Buck \"The Club\" Paulette

https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/chelsea-clinton-trump-degrades-apos-135250848.html

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:18 PM
Author: .,.,.:.,..,:,.,.:.,.,:,..:.,:,..:.,.,:.:...:,

cr added

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

Show Thread
Date: May 27th, 2018 10:17 PM
Author: stephen biko

just think about her every night when you jerk off. what's the big deal?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:17 PM
Author: Morning In America

MFCR

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:17 PM
Author: ..,....,,............,,..,..,.

WTF

http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/05/26/right-wing-activist-tommy-robinson-reportedly-jailed-after-filming-outside-child-grooming-trial.html

https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-05-26/tommy-robinson-arrested-outside-uk-court-jailed-13-months-judge-orders-orwellian

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/hundreds-of-farright-protesters-descend-on-whitehall-after-tommy-robinson-arrested-for-breaching-the-a3849046.html

Right-wing activist Tommy Robinson reportedly jailed after filming outside child grooming trial

A Message from Reliant1 day ago
Tommy Robinson was arrested Friday outside a court in Leeds, England.
Tommy Robinson was arrested Friday outside a court in Leeds, England. (Reuters)
U.K. right-wing activist and journalist Tommy Robinson was arrested and reportedly jailed Friday after he filmed members of an alleged child grooming gang entering a court for trial -- but the details of his purported sentence remain murky after the judge ordered the press not to report on the case.

Robinson, the former head of the English Defense League and a longtime activist against Islam and Islamic migration, was arrested after he was filming men accused of being part of a gang that groomed children. Britain has been rocked by a series of child sex scandals perpetuated by gangs of predominantly Muslim men.

Video shows Robinson, whose real name is Stephen Lennon, being surrounded by as many as seven police officers as he livestreamed the incident on his phone. The police informed him he was being arrested for “breach of the peace.”


But shortly after his arrest, a source with knowledge of the case told Fox News that he had been jailed for 13 months on a contempt-of-court charge.

A court listing indicated the case was “closed” by Friday afternoon.

One source said he was jailed in Hull Prison. The prison declined to comment to Fox News on whether Robinson was there. Leeds Crown Court also did not return a request for information.

According to The Independent, Robinson was already on a suspended sentence for contempt of court over a gang rape case in 2017.

The judge in the case on Friday slapped a reporting ban on the case. The order bans reporters from reporting on a case if there is reason to believe the reporting could prejudice a trial. The order prevents reporting until the conclusion of the trial Robinson was reporting on.

The gag order led to news outlets in the U.K. removing their reporting from their websites to comply with the order. Most remaining reporting in the U.K. comments on Robinson’s arrest, but not on his purported sentencing.

Sources with knowledge of Robinson’s case spoke on condition of anonymity in part because of fear they would be arrested for contempt. One told Fox that Robinson’s lawyer warned that, considering the presence of Muslim gang members in prison, a 13-month sentence was tantamount to a death sentence.

“Tommy’s lawyer said he will likely die in jail given his profile and previous credible threats, and the judge basically said he doesn’t care,” the source said. “He sentenced him to 13 months in prison.”

Reaction to Robinson’s sentencing from commentators and right-wing politicians was fierce, particularly as it is the latest in a series of commentators -- particularly those who are critical of Islam and mass Islamic migration into the U.K. -- being locked up by British authorities.


“What kind of police state have we become?” tweeted U.K. Independence Party leader and European MP Gerard Batten.

“I am trying to recall a legal case where someone was convicted of a ‘crime’ which cannot be reported on,” he added. “Where he can be cast into prison without it being possible to report his name, offence, or place of imprisonment for fear of contempt of court.”


“Arrested for “breaching the peace” while reporting on a Islamic grooming gang trial?” Dutch MP Geert Wilders tweeted. “Is this Saudi-Arabia?” Wilders also submitted parliamentary questions to the Dutch minister of foreign affairs on the matter.


In the U.S., actress Roseanne Barr, star of the ABC revival of the sitcom "Roseanne," retweeted a number of supportive messages for Robinson, and tweeted out her own outrage.

Robinson has long been a polarizing figure in the U.K., with supporters saying that he speaks out against political correctness and the growing influence of Islamic extremism, while opponents claim he is a racist who stokes fear and division. A counter-terror police official said Robinson's material was partially responsible for the radicalization of a man who committed a terrorist attack on a mosque last year.

Robinson upset former CNN host Piers Morgan by brandishing a Koran and claiming it cites "murder and violence against us" in an appearance on "Good Morning Britain."

Tommy Robinson Arrested Outside UK Court, Jailed For 13 Months As Judge Orders Orwellian Media Blackout

UK activist and English Defence Leage founder Tommy Robinson was arrested on Friday outside of Leeds Crown Court for reporting on a pedophile grooming trial. Within six hours of his arrest, Robinson was handed a 13 month prison term for violating a prior suspended sentence for a similar offense, while media outlets were banned from covering the incident by the court - with several removing reports which had already been published.



Footage shows Robinson, 35, being arrested while livestreaming to his Facebook page outside the courthouse. He can be heard shouting to a friend "Please, George, get me a solicitor, I’m on a suspended sentence, you see."


“A big police van with about seven police officers pulled up and arrested [Robinson] and told him to stop live streaming,” Robinson’s producer told RT (before their article (archived) was scrubbed from the internet). “They said it was incitement and a breach of the peace.

“No peace has been breached – there were two other people there and he’s been perfectly quiet talking into his phone. [The police] said nothing about the court proceedings. It’s very strange.”

Disturbingly, the judge who sentenced Robinson, Geoffrey Marson QC, ordered an Orwellian media blackout - which resulted in several publications deleting their articles from the web covering Robinson's arrest.






Robinson was admonished last year by Judge Heather Norton for filming outside a gang rape case in Canterbury, who slapped him with a three month suspended sentence on the condition that he cease his coverage of the trials.

you should be under no illusions that if you commit any further offence of any kind, and that would include, I would have thought a further contempt of court by similar actions, then that sentence of three months would be activated -Judge Heather Norton

“This is not about free speech, not about the freedom of the press, nor about legitimate journalism, and not about political correctness,” the judge told Robinson at the time.

#FreeTommy

In response to Robinson's arrest, a large group of protesters gathered outside Downing Street - while the hashtag #FreeTommy has been used to coordinate a response, express outrage and share information about the situation.


(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:17 PM
Author: Ugly fat white trash w/beautiful mulatto children

either

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:17 PM
Author: Topher Mercer(Short Pride World Wide)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:16 PM
Author: ><<(^((*>(0x9219DDFD2869edABd47A8e905e87d76e42C712da)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:16 PM
Author: Insane right-wing gun nut



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:16 PM
Author: stapp

Yeah if u don’t like weed you’re definitely like this

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:16 PM
Author: 1ance \'Rafa\' Nada1, ELEVEN Roland Garros COUPES(*)




(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:16 PM
Author: \"\"\'\"\'\'\'\"



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:15 PM
Author: Morning In America

The only good fps is Wolfenstein Enemy Territory

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:15 PM
Author: jonnyBlaze

front page drudge w/ the BIG HEADLINE YNY

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:15 PM
Author: nyuug(Sucka FREE)


ITT: low testosterone indian males

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:15 PM
Author: H.R. Puffendorf



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:15 PM
Author: stapp

Thanks man I really needed that

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:14 PM
Author: \'\'\'\'\'\'\'\"\'\"

absolutely devastating

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:14 PM
Author: Morning In America

Substance abusemos all need to be gassed

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:14 PM
Author: scholarshipalt23

How much did that cost

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:14 PM
Author: Ugly fat white trash w/beautiful mulatto children

it's fucking insulting these negroes have reduced historic suffering to a fucking henny and coke

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:13 PM
Author: united states poast office(fresh prince of bellevue)


?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:13 PM
Author: \'\'\"\'\'\'\"\"\"\'



(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)

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Date: May 27th, 2018 10:13 PM
Author: Morning In America

What play offs?

(http://templocation/thread.php?thread_id=123)